We reached Edinburgh by 1 PM and checked in to Leonardo Royal Hotel. After lunch, we decided to visit Edinburgh Castle. The Castle is a historic fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, from its position on the Castle Rock. Its importance as a part of Scotland's national heritage was recognized increasingly from the early 19th century onwards, and various restoration programs have been carried out over the past century and a half. As one of the most important strongholds in the Kingdom of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle was involved in many historical conflicts from the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century to the Jacobite rising of 1745. Research undertaken in 2014 identified 26 sieges in its 1100-year-old history, giving it a claim to having been "the most besieged place in Great Britain and one of the most attacked in the world".