This beautiful monument in the Mehrauli area of New Delhi was built in the 12th century by Emperor Qutub- Ud- Din- Aibak and was finally completed by his son-in-law, Iltutmish, who succeeded him. The monument is made up of 5 levels with projecting balconies on each level. The specialty of the monument is that each level is different from the others in terms of size and designs. This is what makes it even more spectacular. The verses from the Holy Koran of the Muslims are carved on the walls of the monument and the lattice work is remarkable too. The controversy surrounding this monument says that this was originally a Hindu monument, built much before the 12th century. It is also said that Aibak only renovated it by replacing the Hindu Stone designs with Islamic ones. Till now one side of the monument walls have Hindu designs on them and the outer part is adorned with ornamental Islamic designs. The monument has been damaged by natural forces and calamities many a times but has been repaired again and again. This is the reason why it stands strong even after so long.
Humayun's Tomb is one of the most important monuments of the city and a perfect example of wonderful Islamic architecture was made by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persian architect. The initiative to make this monument was taken by Humayuns senior widow Bega Begum. The monument is considered as a precursor of the Taj Mahal in terms of beauty. It was built in 1565 AD and is located on the crossing of the Lodi Road and Mathura Road. The main features of this monument are the beautiful gardens, fountains and of course the double domed mausoleum. Apart from Humayuns tomb, there are many other Mughal rulers who have their mausoleums built in here.
The largest mosque and one of the most beautiful examples of Islamic architecture present in India, the Jama Masjid is located just opposite the Red Fort in Delhi. The mosque which means commanding view of the world was built during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1658. It has a very spacious compound that can accommodate thousands of devotees at once. The main architectural attractions are the minarets and towers. The main tower has a 5- storey structure with projecting balconies on each level. The work of calligraphy is worth mentioning too. The main materials used were sandstone and marble.
The Presidents house is the official residence of the President of India. It was in 1803, that the Lake East India Company defeated the Mughals and went to transfer kingship upon them. This is when the English appointed the first resident of what was then the capital of Mughals. After this, two important officials, Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker went on to form a dream city around the Raisina Hills. This later went on to be named as New Delhi. This was a more planned and developed city and one of the most important buildings in this place is the Rashtrapati Bhavan. There are blocks and chambers inside this huge building that is stretched from one end to the other. During the evening, this building is lit up in festive light and it is a magical treat to the eyes.
The morning walkers'paradise, this monument is underneath the supervision of Archeological Survey of India. This really is a critical place of heritage in the city whilst the pattern of architecture it follows is very little left in the country. This is a garden comprising of the tombs of famous rulers and is named after the Lodi Dynasty which was from the Afghan regions and ruled over Northern India and parts of Pakistan throughout the 15th century. The first ruler to be buried here was of Emperor Muhammad Shah by Alauddin Alam Shah. Probably the most famous of all the mausoleums is that of Sikander Lodi. He was a really able ruler and the hero who emerged after defeating Akbar the Great in the Battle of Panipat. The architecture of the tomb is unique with a mixture of Persian and Afghani architecture. The key mausoleum is in a very separate enclosure which can be further surrounded by beautiful lawns still well- maintained. the monument lies between the Khan Market and the Safdarjung Tomb.
Isa Khan's Tomb
In the Mathyra Road area, the Isa Khans Tomb is a walled area just beside the Humayuns tomb complex. Isa Khan Niyazi was a noble in the court of the famous Emperor Sher Shah Suri. This is the first monument that you will come across when you enter the heritage site of the Humayuns Com[plex. This mausoleum is built in a typical Sur style of architecture. The tomb is that of an octagonal shape and there is also a mosque present out here. it is a well maintained site and is restored under the supervision of the Archeological Survey of India.
ISKCON is the International Society for Krishna Conciousness and the temple in Bangalore is dedicated to Lord Krishna of course. The temple is situated on a hillock also known as the Hare Krishna Hill. The temple is built in a neo- classical style with typical South Indian temple Gopurams in it. There are 4 gopurams inside the temple which are joined by a glass canopy which looks spectacular. This temple was built to mark the birth anniversary of Sri Prabhupada, the founder of the whole community. The peaceful atmosphere and the continuous chanting of "Hare Rama, Hare Krishna" is extremely soothing. There is also a separate prayer hall, vedic theatre, vedic museum and lecture hall in the temple. There is an average footfall of around 8000- 10000 people everyday and this goes up to 15000 or even more on weekends. The main festival celebrated here is the Krishna Janmashtami.
This is the last building built by the Mughals. It was started by Emperor Akhbar Shah II and was finished by the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, who also gave it the present name of Zafar Mahal. The building was in the memory of the sufi saint Bhaktiyar Kaki, a descendent of the famous Saint Moinuddin Chisti. Apart from the Zafar Mahal, a number of other monuments were built in the honor of Khwaja Bhaktiyar kaki. This building was earlier known as Rang Mahal and was a single storey structure. The Hathi Gate, Moti Masjid and Chhattri were later added to renovate and beautify the structure and give it some height. The famous festival or the annual procession known as Phulon ki Sair also starts from here and is a festival that had long ago been started by the Khawja himself as a protest of the British festivals. The naubat Khana and graves of the royal family are also put up in a beautiful manner here.
Satpula or the Seven Arches Dam is otherwise unnoticed by all passersby and tourists till you inquire about a nearby water body here. The beautiful area is often mistaken as a bridge or simply a lake. The main thing that pleases everyone here is the surrounding greenery due to the bushes around. The place is perfect for some quite time away from the bustling city. The view from the top is wonderful and you will have to jump above the small gates to reach the actual area. The Seven arches bridge was built by Emperor Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq and the arches are still clearly visible. The walls and structures of the dam and gates are much in ruins due to time and natural forces but it still manages to portray a clear picture of calmness, serenity and tranquility.