This monument is not only a UNESCO World Heritage Site but also the most beautiful monument of the whole world. This was a mark of love and honour by Emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved and favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is said that Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to her 14th child and Shah Jahan was completely shattered. After this he built this beautiful mausoleum about which he himself said that even the sun and the moon would shed tears after seeing it. The main building was built in 8 years after the monument started being built in the year 1631 but the whole complex was completed in the year 1653. The monument is built right on the banks of the River Yamuna and is a symbol of purity and love. The white marble used here makes the place looks even more peaceful when the reflection of the monument falls on the waters of the Yamuna. The red sandstone mosque is also a part of the monument complex. Immediately after the building was completed, Shah Jahan was overpowered by his son Aurangzeb and was imprisoned inside the Agra Fort. He could only sit and look at the Taj Mahal till he died in the year 1666. The building has intricate work especially the beautiful lattice work and the Quran is inscribed on the walls of the monument in the form of beautiful calligraphy. The Persian Garden inside the monument complex is another attraction for the tourists. Every week thousands of people come to visit this place and to experience their dream come true. Some also have to leave disappointed at times but there is alsways a desire left to come back.
This is a beautiful monument which was built by Emperor Akbar in the year 1565. The Red Fort was initially built as an establishment for the army but was later extended and beautified to convert it into a magnificent palace complex. Agra Fort is also known as the Red Fort of Agra as it is completely made of a beautiful red colour sandstone and is also connected to Delhi by a number of networks. There are four prominent gates of this fort but the Amar Darwaza after the name of Maharaja Amar Singh is still used for entry to the fort. Many of the palaces which were earlier built are not found now but among those which still remain are the Jahangiri Mahal, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Moti Masjid, Shaha Burj and Mausam Burj. The Jahangiri Mahal is the most attractive out of all palaces. This was a dedication of Akbar to his beloved wife Jodha Bai. It is a multi divisional palace and is still very attractive. This monument is one of the most visited tourist attractions of Uttar Pradesh.
Chini Ka Rauza
Chini Ka RouzaLocated about a kilometre north of the baby Taj on the banks of the Yamuna, the Chini ka Rouza stands a bit neglected and forlorn. It doesn’t seem to be on any tourist circuit, and it was wonderfully empty and quiet when we got there. Any shared auto will drop you off on the main road, and the tomb is about a half kilometre inside, a nice walk through the villages and tree-lined homes. Built in 1639 by Mulla Shukrullah Shirazi as a tomb for himself, the monument is a little different from the other grand Mughal era structures in Agra or Delhi. Only the main tomb remains, a squat octagonal structure, with arches and four openings on all sides. It seems that the tomb of the Chief Minister of Shah Jehan and a famous Persian poet has not yet made itself to the ASI’s list of things to do.While at first glance the tomb seems plain and boring, the surroundings were more interesting, with the river on one side and a garden on the other with children playing, the inside walls and roof are stunning. Made with glazed tiles purportedly brought from China, the outside walls once had a zigzag pattern of orange, white and crimson tiles interspersed with the blue that is uniquely Mughal. While the monument is in a state of forlorn disrepair, it is possible to imagine a once stately tomb for a learned man.This trip was originally published on The reDiscovery Project
Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah
Itimad-ul-Daulah is among the list of places to visit in Agra. The attraction is a tomb of Mirza Ghiyas Beg, the grandfather of Mumtaz Mahal. It is also known as Baby Taj. Nur Jahan, the daughter of Mirza, who married Jehangir was the one who got the tomb constructed in the year 1622-1628. The finely carved jali on the marble is definitely something that will stay in your memory forever. This structure made by the Mughals is also a completely marble one. Also, it was the first tomb that was built on the river Jamuna banks. Islamic architecture is what the place speaks of. The fine craftsmanship is something that is not to be missed. The place is quite calm and peaceful and gives you a good quality time with yourself and your closed ones.