Historical Places in India

Top Places To Visit

Amer Fort

Among the places to visit in Jaipur, missing Amer Fort exploration is almost next to impossible. The grandeur that this place shadows over the city is quite remarkable and looks more like a protective shield to Jaipur from one end. Once you reach the area and check out the fort from a distance, the picturesque image will look more like a movie scene. The fort is located outside the city away from the hustle bustle. One of the major attractions here is the Sheesh Mahal or the Palace of Mirrors that surely should be checked out once. Mirror work is embedded on the walls, pillars and the ceiling of the Mahal making it as enthralling as possible. The lush green lawn of the Amer Fort is another of the things worth a mention here. Take a walking tour, shop from the souvenir shop and take a break at the coffee shop to have a fulfilling day.
32 Reviews

Taj Mahal

This monument is not only a UNESCO World Heritage Site but also the most beautiful monument of the whole world. This was a mark of love and honour by Emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved and favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is said that Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to her 14th child and Shah Jahan was completely shattered. After this he built this beautiful mausoleum about which he himself said that even the sun and the moon would shed tears after seeing it. The main building was built in 8 years after the monument started being built in the year 1631 but the whole complex was completed in the year 1653. The monument is built right on the banks of the River Yamuna and is a symbol of purity and love. The white marble used here makes the place looks even more peaceful when the reflection of the monument falls on the waters of the Yamuna. The red sandstone mosque is also a part of the monument complex. Immediately after the building was completed, Shah Jahan was overpowered by his son Aurangzeb and was imprisoned inside the Agra Fort. He could only sit and look at the Taj Mahal till he died in the year 1666. The building has intricate work especially the beautiful lattice work and the Quran is inscribed on the walls of the monument in the form of beautiful calligraphy. The Persian Garden inside the monument complex is another attraction for the tourists. Every week thousands of people come to visit this place and to experience their dream come true. Some also have to leave disappointed at times but there is alsways a desire left to come back.
25 Reviews

Fort Aguada

This is a very well preserved fort which was built in the 17th Century by the Portuguese. The fort was made as the most important building of the Portuguese colonials and they always wanted to save it against the Dutch and the Maratha rulers. It is in the Candolin area on the Sinquerim Beach. The location of the fort on the banks of the Mandovi River makes it look even more beautiful. The fort covers a large area and almost covers the whole tip land of the Bardez Peninsula. At present there is also a holiday resort built here by the tatas and is a beautiful place to stay for a peaceful vacation. It is also close to the Candolim Beach and the shopping and eating areas around. This was at one time the most important port where most of the ferries and boats landed and left from and thus the name Aguada meaning 'water'.
28 Reviews

Humayun's Tomb

Humayun's Tomb is one of the most important monuments of the city and a perfect example of wonderful Islamic architecture was made by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persian architect. The initiative to make this monument was taken by Humayun’s senior widow Bega Begum. The monument is considered as a precursor of the Taj Mahal in terms of beauty. It was built in 1565 AD and is located on the crossing of the Lodi Road and Mathura Road. The main features of this monument are the beautiful gardens, fountains and of course the double domed mausoleum. Apart from Humayun’s tomb, there are many other Mughal rulers who have their mausoleums built in here.
29 Reviews

Jaisalmer Fort

This is an 800 year old fort and is also known as the “Golden Fort” of Rajasthan. This is one of the most magnificent fortifications of the state and is the second oldest also after the Chittorgarh Palace. The title given to this fairytale fort complex is because of its light color which almost merges with the color of the desert sand like a mirage coming out of it. Jaisalmer City is located in the interiors of the Thar Desert and the King Jaisal planned to make this place his capital. The intricate designs on the sandstone base of the fort buildings make them look even more heavenly. It is also the only living fort of the country. This means almost half of the whole city resides inside the fort complex even today. This includes rich merchants, artisans and other common people as well. Earlier, the whole population of the kingdom lived inside but a part had to move out given the constraint of increasing population. From earlier times onwards, Jaisalmer has been a very important trade connection especially with the Muslim kingdom. Till today you will find a number of Muslim merchants dwelling here. An interesting legend about the history of this fort complex says that Lord Krishna, the leader of the Yadav clan once dreamt of setting up his kingdom in this area and his wish was fulfilled by King Jaisal, who also belonged to the Yadav clan. The fort crowning the Trikut Hills looks no less than a dreamland. You can come here in the month of February and enjoy the famous Annual Camel Fair and other festivals too.
19 Reviews

Nathula Pass

The Nathula merges the Indian state of Sikkim with China's Tibet Autonomous Region. The pass is situated, at 4,310 m above sea level, forms as a piece of a branch of the old Silk Road. Nathu signifies "listening ears" and La signifies "go" in Tibetan. On the Indian side, the pass is 54 km (34 mi) east of Gangtok, the capital of Indian state of Sikkim. Just natives of India can visit the pass, but only after successfull permit from the administration of Gangtok. Nathu La is one of the two open trading border posts in the middle of China and India.The others being Shipkila in Himachal Pradesh and Lipulekh in Nepal. Sealed by India after the 1962 Sino-Indian War, Nathu La was re-opened in 2006 after various trade understandings. The Chinese government is wanting to extend its rail administration to Yadong, barely a couple of kilometers from Nathu La.
24 Reviews

Jal Mahal

Jal Mahal also known as Water Palace in English is yet again one of the things to do in Jaipur. It is located in the heart of the famous Man Sagar Lake and near the cenotaphs of royal ladies and Maharanis of the city in the earlier times. Madho Singh was the one behind the formation of the Jal Mahal in the same year as that of Hawa Mahal- 1799. The idea was to get a summer resort made for the royal family. The place was also used for hunting ducks during the warm season. Under the Jal Tarang project going on currently, this place is closed for restoration.
19 Reviews

Red Fort (Lal Quila)

One of the most important monuments in the cultural as well as political scenario of India, the Red Fort is the pride of the capital city of Delhi. It was once the capital of Shahjanabad named after Emperor Shah Jahan. It was during his reign that this awesome monument took its form between 1638 and 1648. The whole structure was named Red Fort or Lal Qila due to the basic material of architecture which is sandstone. It served as the residence of the Mughal Kings for almost 200 years. Later when India became independent, the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the National Flag here and the ritual is still carried on. Every year the Independence Day celebrations are organized here.
21 Reviews

Basilica of Bom Jesus

It is located in Old Goa and is a UNESCO World Heritage and it has the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier and was also the capital of Goa when during the Portuguese rule.
18 Reviews

Mehrangarh Fort

Mehrangarh Fort stands on a rocky hilltop which is about 120 m from the ground. The fort is one of the most magnificent and biggest ones in the Indian sub-continent. Battlements of the fort is around 6m to about 36m in height. The fort is still maintained and run by a royal family of Jodhpur. The legend as well as history of the fort is not only interesting but enriched with battles, wars and more. The main entrance of the fort is from the northeast side and is called Jai Pol. There is a museum inside the fort that retains the antiques from the royal families as well as from the battles. The entry to the fort is free but there is a charge for the museum. You will have to walk around 300 m to reach the main entrance or take an autorickshaw for the same. Dodh Kangra Pol is the exit gate of the fort. There are other gates called Loha Pol and Suraj Pol as well.
14 Reviews

Nahargarh Fort

It was in 1734 when the formation of Nahargarh Fort started in the city of Jaipur which continues for over a century till 1868. The fort was made for military purposes on the northern side of the city. It is named after the Maharaja Nahar Singh. Along with the built and architecture of the fort that is worth a watch, there is a restaurant here for those who want to take a food break on their long tour to the place. Do not forget to enjoy the beautiful sunset from here in the evening.
13 Reviews

Chapora Fort

Located in Bardez, his fort rises above the Chapora River. This was a red laterite fort built by the Portuguese in place of an earlier Muslim structure in the 1th Century. It was then captured and again lost by a number of Hindu rulers before the Portuguese finally abandoned it in the year 1892. The main enemies of this fort were the Bahmani Sultans who were successful in capturing it and again later it was captured by the Marathas in the beginning of the 18th Cdentury. It was recaptured by the Portuguese to be taken back again by the Marathas. This battle went on for a long time after which the fort was absolutely deserted. At present, what we can see here are simply ruins of the fort and the heads of two tunnels. Regular buses from Anjuna and Mapusa can bring and take you back from here.
22 Reviews

Qutub Minar

This beautiful monument in the Mehrauli area of New Delhi was built in the 12th century by Emperor Qutub- Ud- Din- Aibak and was finally completed by his son-in-law, Iltutmish, who succeeded him. The monument is made up of 5 levels with projecting balconies on each level. The specialty of the monument is that each level is different from the others in terms of size and designs. This is what makes it even more spectacular. The verses from the Holy Koran of the Muslims are carved on the walls of the monument and the lattice work is remarkable too. The controversy surrounding this monument says that this was originally a Hindu monument, built much before the 12th century. It is also said that Aibak only renovated it by replacing the Hindu Stone designs with Islamic ones. Till now one side of the monument walls have Hindu designs on them and the outer part is adorned with ornamental Islamic designs. The monument has been damaged by natural forces and calamities many a times but has been repaired again and again. This is the reason why it stands strong even after so long.
16 Reviews

India Gate

This is the pride of Delhi that was earlier known as the All India War Memorial. This monument was built by the Lutyens in the memory of all the 90000 soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the welfare of their country during the World War I. The names of each of the soldiers are inscribed on the walls of the monument. The Amar Jawan Jyoti or the Eternal Flame burns here 24 hours as a symbol of remembrance of the brave warriors. On the opposite side of the monument is the very controversial canopy where was once placed the marble statue of Prince George which was later removed from here.
17 Reviews

Agra Fort

This is a beautiful monument which was built by Emperor Akbar in the year 1565. The Red Fort was initially built as an establishment for the army but was later extended and beautified to convert it into a magnificent palace complex. Agra Fort is also known as the Red Fort of Agra as it is completely made of a beautiful red colour sandstone and is also connected to Delhi by a number of networks. There are four prominent gates of this fort but the Amar Darwaza after the name of Maharaja Amar Singh is still used for entry to the fort. Many of the palaces which were earlier built are not found now but among those which still remain are the Jahangiri Mahal, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Moti Masjid, Shaha Burj and Mausam Burj. The Jahangiri Mahal is the most attractive out of all palaces. This was a dedication of Akbar to his beloved wife Jodha Bai. It is a multi divisional palace and is still very attractive. This monument is one of the most visited tourist attractions of Uttar Pradesh.
16 Reviews

Kumbhalgarh Fort

This fort is the second most important fort of Rajasthan after the Chittorgarh Fort. It is a magnificent fort built by Rajput Rulers. The fort complex has as many as 13 bastionas and huge wall which holds the record for being the Second largest wall in the whole world, the first being the Great Wall of china of course. The fort can be easily reached by local buses and cars and the way to the entrance includes zig- zag roadways and forests also. Inside the fort complex are many palaces and temples apart from other buildings of royal importance. This is also the birthplace of Maharana Pratap Singh. This fort was a refuge for other rulers and their families during war times. This fort is also said to have protected Rana Udai Singh when he was very small and there was a battle. The most famous palace here is the rooftop palace known as the Badal Mahal. This palace is colorful and gives the look of a room floating amidst the clouds. The basic colors used here turquoise and green and Maharana Pratap is said to have born in this palace specifically. There is also a large balcony from where you can get the best views of downtown. Strolling along the ravines of Kumbhalgarh is also a blissful experience.
6 Reviews

Jaigarh Fort

Located on a cliff, Jaigarh Fort is among the known ones where Jaipur’s list of attractions are concerned. In other words, it is also known as the Victory Fort. The place has a major attraction in the form of the largest cannon which is placed on the top level of the fort. It is also known as Jaivana. The fort was not only made with the purpose of battle but also as a storage to heavy ammunition. A walking tour (which might be a long one) will give you a detailed idea about the history of the place as well as the royal families. There is a small museum with sculptures of the raja and his ranis sitting and having their meals.
10 Reviews

Diu Fort

The Diu Fort, is situated on the west bank of India in Diu, a Union Territory, controlled by the Government of India. The post was constructed by the Portuguese amid their pilgrim principle of the Diu island. The Diu town is situated toward the fort's west. The post was implicit 1535 resulting to a guard collusion produced by Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat and the Portuguese while Humayun, the Mughal Emperor battled to attach this region. Development of the fortress was begun in October and finished in March, with the Portuguese constrained work putting their full might. The fortification is an extensive and great structure on the shoreline of the Diu island. It summons a brilliant perspective of the ocean. It skirts the ocean on three sides. The external mass of the stronghold was fabricated along the coast line. The internal divider had bastions on which weapons were mounted.
8 Reviews

Matrimandir

The name of the place means the Mother's Temple and is also known as the Auroville. The name was given after Rishi Aurobindo who believed that all human beings could overcome supernatural conciousness by rigorous meditation. It has a unique shape of a flattened sphere which is coated with golden discs and this is to represent that there are no ends and corners and that the whole world is round like a sphere here. The disadvantage is that not everyone get the permission to meditate here. This can also be taken as an advantage as you can go through the most peaceful experience due to less people here. As you start entering this place, you will have to remove your shoes and be in complete white socks. You will then have to ascend and descent steps to reach an inner chamber which again has two ramps and pillars which do not touch the ceiling. This is to give a feeling that meditation has no limit. Also the white marble is a symbol of peace here and the symbol of flower has 12 petals representing attributes of the Universal Mother. These are responsive, courage, progress, kindness, generosity, sincereity, peace, humility, gratitude, aspiration and perseverence.
10 Reviews

Patwaon-Ki-Haveli

Yet another beautiful mansion in Jaisalmer, it was started by Guman Chand Patwa. The mansion took 55 years to be completed. Guman’s sons completed it later. The most beautiful features of this mansion are the archways, gateways and especially the balconies, known as jharokhas. The golden color of the mansion catches the eye of every visitor at once. The tour of the whole mansion will take not more than 45 minutes. This is no doubt one of the most splendid residences in the beautiful city.
7 Reviews