This is the pride of Delhi that was earlier known as the All India War Memorial. This monument was built by the Lutyens in the memory of all the 90000 soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the welfare of their country during the World War I. The names of each of the soldiers are inscribed on the walls of the monument. The Amar Jawan Jyoti or the Eternal Flame burns here 24 hours as a symbol of remembrance of the brave warriors. On the opposite side of the monument is the very controversial canopy where was once placed the marble statue of Prince George which was later removed from here.
This beautiful monument in the Mehrauli area of New Delhi was built in the 12th century by Emperor Qutub- Ud- Din- Aibak and was finally completed by his son-in-law, Iltutmish, who succeeded him. The monument is made up of 5 levels with projecting balconies on each level. The specialty of the monument is that each level is different from the others in terms of size and designs. This is what makes it even more spectacular. The verses from the Holy Koran of the Muslims are carved on the walls of the monument and the lattice work is remarkable too. The controversy surrounding this monument says that this was originally a Hindu monument, built much before the 12th century. It is also said that Aibak only renovated it by replacing the Hindu Stone designs with Islamic ones. Till now one side of the monument walls have Hindu designs on them and the outer part is adorned with ornamental Islamic designs. The monument has been damaged by natural forces and calamities many a times but has been repaired again and again. This is the reason why it stands strong even after so long.
Humayun's Tomb is one of the most important monuments of the city and a perfect example of wonderful Islamic architecture was made by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persian architect. The initiative to make this monument was taken by Humayuns senior widow Bega Begum. The monument is considered as a precursor of the Taj Mahal in terms of beauty. It was built in 1565 AD and is located on the crossing of the Lodi Road and Mathura Road. The main features of this monument are the beautiful gardens, fountains and of course the double domed mausoleum. Apart from Humayuns tomb, there are many other Mughal rulers who have their mausoleums built in here.
Red Fort (Lal Quila)
One of the most important monuments in the cultural as well as political scenario of India, the Red Fort is the pride of the capital city of Delhi. It was once the capital of Shahjanabad named after Emperor Shah Jahan. It was during his reign that this awesome monument took its form between 1638 and 1648. The whole structure was named Red Fort or Lal Qila due to the basic material of architecture which is sandstone. It served as the residence of the Mughal Kings for almost 200 years. Later when India became independent, the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the National Flag here and the ritual is still carried on. Every year the Independence Day celebrations are organized here.
The largest mosque and one of the most beautiful examples of Islamic architecture present in India, the Jama Masjid is located just opposite the Red Fort in Delhi. The mosque which means commanding view of the world was built during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1658. It has a very spacious compound that can accommodate thousands of devotees at once. The main architectural attractions are the minarets and towers. The main tower has a 5- storey structure with projecting balconies on each level. The work of calligraphy is worth mentioning too. The main materials used were sandstone and marble.
Majnu ka Tilla
This is a place where there is a very old Tibetian Settlement and it is overall a nice place to be at. It is like a mini- Tibet inside New Delhi. They do not have many shopping options but it is really nice to know more about the culture and lifestyle of the people. There are however a number of good restaurants around the place.
Agrasen ki Baoli
It is a three tier structure and the well is now dried up. However as you walk down, last 5 - 10 steps and surrounding walls show traces of rain water that fills up there every monsoon.My friends and I found this place to be a ten on ten hangout. It is close to CP, well connected via public transport, and is really fun to explore. Whether it is running along the corridors or climbing the roofs or navigating narrow staircases to reach the top of the well, it was great fun. We had a great time at this place and plan to visit it more frequently now, maybe every time we go to CP !!
This is yet another of the Mughal gems and a clear picture of the standard and grandeur of the Mughal designs and styles. It was started by Emperor Humayun but later taken over by Sher Shah Suri. Later Humayun again captured it from Sher Shahs son. The Purana Qila is said to have been built at the banks of the River Yamuna when it had not changed its course and guarded the estate of Indraprastha, mentioned in the Mahabharata. This is also the only monument that has not been named after the one who built it as all the structures inside this was named and renamed with the transfer of ownership every time. The main motive behind the initiation of this monument was that Humayun wanted to build a city on his own. There are three main gateways inside the fort namely Humayun Darwaza, Bara Darwaza and the Talaqui Darwaza. Among these the last one was always closed. The other famous structures inside the Purana Qila are the Qila-e-Kunha Masjid, Sher Mandal observatory and a small museum.
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
This is a gurudwara which is located in the heart of Cannaught Place of New Delhi. This got its name from the fact that it was actually the bungalow which belonged to Mirza Raja Jai Singh, an able leader of Emperor Aurangzeb. The palace was then known as Jaisinghpura Palace. After the death of Guru Har Rai, Ram Rai and his followers urged Emperor Aurangzeb to summon Guru Harkruishan, the elder brother of Guru Har Rai so that they could conspire against him and lower his prestige and then he could declare himself as the true successor of Guru Har Rai. In the meanwhile, the devotees of Guru Har Rai went to Mirza and requested him to take the responsibility of protecting Guru Harkrishan during his visit to this place. The Mirza being a strong follower of the Sikh Gurus agreed and protected Guru Harkrishan till the end and later decided to give away his own bungalow as an honorary in the name of the Sikhs.
The Presidents house is the official residence of the President of India. It was in 1803, that the Lake East India Company defeated the Mughals and went to transfer kingship upon them. This is when the English appointed the first resident of what was then the capital of Mughals. After this, two important officials, Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker went on to form a dream city around the Raisina Hills. This later went on to be named as New Delhi. This was a more planned and developed city and one of the most important buildings in this place is the Rashtrapati Bhavan. There are blocks and chambers inside this huge building that is stretched from one end to the other. During the evening, this building is lit up in festive light and it is a magical treat to the eyes.
Mehrauli Archaeological Park
2. Mehrauli Archaeological ParkMehrauli Archaeological Park is an archaeological area spread over 200 acre in Mehrauli, Delhi, adjacent to Qutub Minar World Heritage site and the Qutb complex. It consists of over 100 historically significant monuments. It is the only area in Delhi known for 1,000 years of continuous years of occupation, and includes the ruins of Lal Kot built by Tomar Rajputs in 1060 CE, making it the oldest extant fort of Delhi, and architectural relics of subsequent period, rule of Khalji dynasty, Tughlaq dynasty, Lodhi dynasty of Delhi Sultanate, Mughal Empire, and the British Raj.
Qila Rai Pithora
Qila Rai Pithora also known as Rai Pithora's Fort was a fort city integrated 12th-century by Chauhan king, Prithviraj Chauhan. Chauhan Rajputs had bought out the city of Delhi, from Tomar Rajputs. It also incorporated, much older Lal Kila built earlier by 8th-century Tomar Rajput ruler, Anang Pal I. It had been from the fort that the Tomar, Chauhan and the Slave Dynasty ruled over Delhi from 12th to 13th century. Remains of the fort walls are scattered across South Delhi, visible in present Saket, Mehrauli around Qutb complex, Kishangarh and Vasant Kunj areas.
Old Delhi was founded as Shahjahanabad by Mughal Emperor Shahjahan in 1639. It remained the capital of the Mughals until the end of the Mughal dynasty. Many people tend to get confused between Delhi and New Delhi. To be precise, New Delhi is the later development done to Delhi or Old Delhi. The Old Delhi was the place that the Mughal kings ruled for centuries. This part has most of the old monuments, palaces and buildings. New Delhi comes under the same government and started becoming popular much after independence in spite of being a creation of the British Raj. This part is made up of the best restaurants, clubs, cafes, contemporary and modern museums, offices and other extensions. Malls are also an important feature of New Delhi which makes it different from the old markets of Old Delhi.
The morning walkers'paradise, this monument is underneath the supervision of Archeological Survey of India. This really is a critical place of heritage in the city whilst the pattern of architecture it follows is very little left in the country. This is a garden comprising of the tombs of famous rulers and is named after the Lodi Dynasty which was from the Afghan regions and ruled over Northern India and parts of Pakistan throughout the 15th century. The first ruler to be buried here was of Emperor Muhammad Shah by Alauddin Alam Shah. Probably the most famous of all the mausoleums is that of Sikander Lodi. He was a really able ruler and the hero who emerged after defeating Akbar the Great in the Battle of Panipat. The architecture of the tomb is unique with a mixture of Persian and Afghani architecture. The key mausoleum is in a very separate enclosure which can be further surrounded by beautiful lawns still well- maintained. the monument lies between the Khan Market and the Safdarjung Tomb.
Presently the Mehrauli- Badarpur Road, it is a ruined fort that was once a dream of Emperor Ghiyas-ud-din- Tughlaq. He was the founder of the Tughlaq Dynasty and is known to have been a dictator by nature. It was his dream to set up a magnificent fort for himself but fate had something else in store. The fort was made for sure but the emperor could not enjoy his stay there. An old story says that when the fort was being made, the emperor had ordered all masons and workers to work only on this project and nowhere else. This forceful attitude was not liked by Nizamuddin Auliya, a Sufi saint of that time. He cursed the emperor that either the fort will remain unbuilt or will be inhabited by Gujjars. This is absolutely what happened as the Gujjars later took ownership of the fort and started living in that area. Another curse that is said to be the reason of death of the Emperor was when the saint said Dilli Bohut Door. At this time Tughlaq was elsewhere and while returning, his son conspired a murder of his father. The mausoleum of the Emperor is also built here now.
Delhi Heritage Walks
Meet at the Jama Masjid Gate No. 1 and start a heritage walk that will create memories to last you for a lifetime. This is a walking tour that takes tourists around the old lanes and markets of Delhi during which you can try out the street food famous in the city. the food includes the famous chaat items, bhalle, sweets and much more to name at once. The lip- smacking, mouth watering aroma of the greasy snacks will make you break all diet rules and force you to binge on all that you get here. the meeting point is easy to reach and it is a must try for all tourists.
Isa Khan's Tomb
In the Mathyra Road area, the Isa Khans Tomb is a walled area just beside the Humayuns tomb complex. Isa Khan Niyazi was a noble in the court of the famous Emperor Sher Shah Suri. This is the first monument that you will come across when you enter the heritage site of the Humayuns Com[plex. This mausoleum is built in a typical Sur style of architecture. The tomb is that of an octagonal shape and there is also a mosque present out here. it is a well maintained site and is restored under the supervision of the Archeological Survey of India.
ISKCON is the International Society for Krishna Conciousness and the temple in Bangalore is dedicated to Lord Krishna of course. The temple is situated on a hillock also known as the Hare Krishna Hill. The temple is built in a neo- classical style with typical South Indian temple Gopurams in it. There are 4 gopurams inside the temple which are joined by a glass canopy which looks spectacular. This temple was built to mark the birth anniversary of Sri Prabhupada, the founder of the whole community. The peaceful atmosphere and the continuous chanting of "Hare Rama, Hare Krishna" is extremely soothing. There is also a separate prayer hall, vedic theatre, vedic museum and lecture hall in the temple. There is an average footfall of around 8000- 10000 people everyday and this goes up to 15000 or even more on weekends. The main festival celebrated here is the Krishna Janmashtami.
This is the last building built by the Mughals. It was started by Emperor Akhbar Shah II and was finished by the last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, who also gave it the present name of Zafar Mahal. The building was in the memory of the sufi saint Bhaktiyar Kaki, a descendent of the famous Saint Moinuddin Chisti. Apart from the Zafar Mahal, a number of other monuments were built in the honor of Khwaja Bhaktiyar kaki. This building was earlier known as Rang Mahal and was a single storey structure. The Hathi Gate, Moti Masjid and Chhattri were later added to renovate and beautify the structure and give it some height. The famous festival or the annual procession known as Phulon ki Sair also starts from here and is a festival that had long ago been started by the Khawja himself as a protest of the British festivals. The naubat Khana and graves of the royal family are also put up in a beautiful manner here.
Satpula or the Seven Arches Dam is otherwise unnoticed by all passersby and tourists till you inquire about a nearby water body here. The beautiful area is often mistaken as a bridge or simply a lake. The main thing that pleases everyone here is the surrounding greenery due to the bushes around. The place is perfect for some quite time away from the bustling city. The view from the top is wonderful and you will have to jump above the small gates to reach the actual area. The Seven arches bridge was built by Emperor Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq and the arches are still clearly visible. The walls and structures of the dam and gates are much in ruins due to time and natural forces but it still manages to portray a clear picture of calmness, serenity and tranquility.
This is one of the most important memorials on the banlks of the Yamuna River flowing in the capital city. not only is it a symbol of the capital city but a national heritage and a place of importance in the political history of India. The main attraction here is the black marble stone block which is placed just over the place where the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi was cremated following his assassination in the year 1948. This block is surrounded by a park which is lined with a number of memorable trees with labels such as the ones planted by Queen Elizabeth, ho Chi Minh of china and other such eminent personalities from the whole world. There are two museums dedicated to Gandhiji just nearby.