The Basilica cistern is situated right next to the Hagia Sophia and opposite the police station. This cistern was used for the provision of water for the Great Palace in earlier Constantinopel. Right above the cistern was a basilica that’s why it’s called like this. The water within the cistern was brought from Belgrade back then and provided the emperor’s family and household. Sights in istanbul The cistern consists of twelve rows of 28 columns and can store up to 80,000 cubic metres of water. In the back of the cistern you can find two heads of medusa. The entrance fee is 15 TL.
The rock of this particular area is of a kind that is malleable and easily crafted. Thus the churches as well as the Uchisar Castle rather than being erected like buildings are structures crafted out of and into the rock faces and the mountainous geography. Uchisar is the highest point in the region and the castle that has been hollowed out into the rock provides excellent views of the region below with Mount Erciyes in the background, seeing tiny holes in the rocks and also numerous fairy chimneys on the land below. Walking through the dark and cool rooms of the castle, up and down stairs cut out of rock, the castle seems like a dwarfish settlement out of one of Tolkiens books! Though erosion and decay have made many areas of the castle inaccessible, many such rooms are used as pigeon houses.
Start the day with Dolmabahce Palace as it opens at 09:00. The tourist entrance to the palace is near the palace’s ornate clock tower designed with exceptional masonry. Move further to see the Palace, which is no short of a masterpiece. It is on the European coastline of the Bosphorus strait. The Palace has a great meaning for Turkish people since the supreme leader Ataturk, the' father of the Turks' and first President of the Republic, had used the Palace as a residence and passed away in this palace on the 10th of November 1938 at 9:05 AM. All the clocks in the palace are stopped at this time. The palace has been designed with a plethora of delicate artwork yet somehow has a histrionic quality to it. You shouldn't miss this Palace if you are in Istanbul. Travel tip- The Palace is closed on Mondays and Thursdays. It is open between 09:00 to 17:00. (Ticket office closes at 16:00)
Ephesus is located in Selcuk, Izmir, Turkey. It was one of the most important cities on the Aegean coast of Asia Minor in the ancient world. The history of the city goes back to 3000 BC. The city was ruled by kings until the latter half of the second century BC, when the Romans took over Asia Minor from Pergamene Kingdom.It was a harbor city and also the capital of Roman Asia during the Roman period. The city was also the most important commercial and financial center in the Asian dominions of Rome. Paul made numerous conversions among both the Jews and Greeks during his two visits to Ephesus on his second and third missionary journeys. The total area of the city is nine square kilometers. The fame and prosperity of Ephesus started declining in the second half of the fourth century A.D. Severe earthquakes, which happened between 369-370 AD, devastated the whole city. The city began loosing its importance after the fifth century AD because that tens of thousands of people had died in the earthquakes and the harbor was damaged and silted up by the river Kystros.
Beylerbeyi Palace was commissioned by Sultan Abdulaziz (1830-1876) and built between 1861 and 1865 as a summer residence and a place to entertain visiting heads of state. The palace, built on a pier by the sea is a two-story structure built on a high brick basement. The palace, the Harem (north) and Mabeyn-i Humayun (the southern part) consisted of offices, three innings, six large living rooms, 24 rooms and 1 bathroom. It is closed on Mondays and Thursdays.