Reviews of Lothal Harappan Period Archeological Site • 5
Woke up by 7.00 am, by 9.00 am we were on road to Lothal, excavated site of Harappan Culture. (An ancient Indus site in Gujarat on the Gulf of Combay where trade once flourished with other ancient civilizations including the ancient Indus Valley people)It was 1.5 hrs drive from Ahmedabad. We reached Lothal by 10.30 am. I did not want to miss Museum like we did in Dholavira, because Archeological Museums are closed on Fridays. Hence, shifted the Lothal plan to Saturday and covered the other parts on Friday itself. Museum actually gave insights to 4500 years old era, photography was not allowed. Earthen pots, knives, utensils, ornaments that were found during excavations are kept in this Museum.
Visiting the ruins of the ancient city of Lothal is like visiting an open museum. One of the greatest civilisations of the world now lies flat and desolate. Stand here and imagine the lives of people who existed during the prosperous and flourishing Indus Valley Civilisation. The excavation of Lothal was carried out by Dr. R Rao, between 1955 and 1962. Lothal, literally translated to ‘mound of the dead’, is the most extensively excavated site of Harappan culture in India, and therefore allows the most insight into the story of the Indus Valley Civilisation, its exuberant flight, and its tragic decay. This is the place where kids can learn about glorious India in the ancient times.What else to see: A museum in Lothal houses the artefacts excavated from the site. Out of more than 5000 items excavated, the museum showcases around 800. The entrance of the museum depicts an artist’s conjectural idea of Harappan town of Lothal. Inside, the stone weapons give a glimpse into the skills and craftsmanship of the masons of those times. The vibrant displays of beads, terracotta ornaments, shell and ivory objects, copper and bronze kitchenware, and painted potteries showcases the dynamic society that Indus Valley was. How to reach: Lothal is 78km from Ahmedabad and state buses take around three hours to cover the distance. The only way to reach Lothal is by road.Timings: Saturday to Thursday, 10am to 5pmEntrance fee: The Lothal site can be visited free of cost. The museum entrance fee is Rs. 2 per person, and free for children up to 15 years of age.
LothalWe left in the morning to visit Lothal. This is the archeological site of Indus Valley Civilisation. The then-city ruins were laid out, the hierarchical layout of the city, a museum with found artefacts, extremely interesting.We had lunch on the way back, and also stopped at the Nalsarovar bird sanctuary on the way (though due to lack of time we didn't visit it.) It is must recommended during early mornings.The drive was about an hour and a half to two hours one way.
Lothal was one of the most prominent cities of the ancient Indus valley civilisation, located in the Bhāl region of the modern state of Gujarat and dating from 3700 BCE. Discovered in 1954, Lothal was excavated between 13 February 1955 and 19 May 1960 by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Lothal's dock, the world's earliest known, connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of today was a part of the Arabian Sea. It was a vital and thriving trade centre in ancient times, with its trade of beads, gems and valuable ornaments reaching the far corners of West Asia and Africa. Although very little ruins exist today we can get a glimpse of the amazing sanitation system for which the Indus Valley Civilization is famous for. There are also remains of the dockyard and a warehouse. The Archeological Museum consists of a large cache of antiques right from animal figures, red clay pottery, beads and chess board like figures similar to the ones found in Egypt. Lothal made us feel like the pages of our school history books have come alive.After immersing ourselves in ancient Indian history, we left Lothal at around 5 in the evening for the tiny town of Gopnath located in the Talaja Taluka of the Bhavnagar district in Gujarat. The road from Talaja town to Gopnath was one of the most eerie roads that I have ever driven on. It was pitch dark with no mobile or GPS connectivity. Miles and miles of empty dark roads made us feel we were driving towards the gates of hell at 3 AM in the night although it was barely 9 PM. One particularly eerie sight was witnessed by us when the car headlamp illuminated the path ahead and we saw a ragged old man sitting in the middle of the road and gesturing to someone where there was no one present in the vicinity. We decided not to think about it too much although some people in the car started praying for safety from so called supernatural forces. We reached Gopnath at around 10 at night.
If there were places that could question your notion about life, the ancient towns of Lothal and Dholavira are such places. Flourished and devastated with time, these cities are proof of uncharted power of time and unaltered hope of humanity.Born and raised by the very river that gave this country it’s name, these towns were part of much larger and developed civilization- The Harappa Civilization. And like every Harappan town, they too had surprisingly efficient urban planning schemes and infrastructure. They were connected by other cities through Indus river systems and had huge ports for transportation of marterials produced and manufactured here, wchich was indeed their source of income.But what made these places immortal was not the wealth or power they perceived, but the vision they had; for they had forseen themselves as far more mature society than rest of the world. These visions for the future made those people to construct a world that would learn, not fight; progress, not regress; to a world we see today- As the cities may have lost, the people may have gone, but their knoweldge and legacy continued, generation after generation, moulding the very history we come from.