Lothal Harappan Period Archeological Site 1/6 by Tripoto
Ritika Verma
LothalWe left in the morning to visit Lothal. This is the archeological site of Indus Valley Civilisation. The then-city ruins were laid out, the hierarchical layout of the city, a museum with found artefacts, extremely interesting.We had lunch on the way back, and also stopped at the Nalsarovar bird sanctuary on the way (though due to lack of time we didn't visit it.) It is must recommended during early mornings.The drive was about an hour and a half to two hours one way.
Sayantan Saha
Lothal was one of the most prominent cities of the ancient Indus valley civilisation, located in the Bhāl region of the modern state of Gujarat and dating from 3700 BCE. Discovered in 1954, Lothal was excavated between 13 February 1955 and 19 May 1960 by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Lothal's dock, the world's earliest known, connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of today was a part of the Arabian Sea. It was a vital and thriving trade centre in ancient times, with its trade of beads, gems and valuable ornaments reaching the far corners of West Asia and Africa. Although very little ruins exist today we can get a glimpse of the amazing sanitation system for which the Indus Valley Civilization is famous for. There are also remains of the dockyard and a warehouse. The Archeological Museum consists of a large cache of antiques right from animal figures, red clay pottery, beads and chess board like figures similar to the ones found in Egypt. Lothal made us feel like the pages of our school history books have come alive.After immersing ourselves in ancient Indian history, we left Lothal at around 5 in the evening for the tiny town of Gopnath located in the Talaja Taluka of the Bhavnagar district in Gujarat. The road from Talaja town to Gopnath was one of the most eerie roads that I have ever driven on. It was pitch dark with no mobile or GPS connectivity. Miles and miles of empty dark roads made us feel we were driving towards the gates of hell at 3 AM in the night although it was barely 9 PM. One particularly eerie sight was witnessed by us when the car headlamp illuminated the path ahead and we saw a ragged old man sitting in the middle of the road and gesturing to someone where there was no one present in the vicinity. We decided not to think about it too much although some people in the car started praying for safety from so called supernatural forces. We reached Gopnath at around 10 at night.
If there were places that could question your notion about life, the ancient towns of Lothal and Dholavira are such places. Flourished and devastated with time, these cities are proof of uncharted power of time and unaltered hope of humanity.Born and raised by the very river that gave this country it’s name, these towns were part of much larger and developed civilization- The Harappa Civilization. And like every Harappan town, they too had surprisingly efficient urban planning schemes and infrastructure. They were connected by other cities through Indus river systems and had huge ports for transportation of marterials produced and manufactured here, wchich was indeed their source of income.But what made these places immortal was not the wealth or power they perceived, but the vision they had; for they had forseen themselves as far more mature society than rest of the world. These visions for the future made those people to construct a world that would learn, not fight; progress, not regress; to a world we see today- As the cities may have lost, the people may have gone, but their knoweldge and legacy continued, generation after generation, moulding the very history we come from.