This is one of the largest districts of Karnataka and has a number of tourist attractions especially those of the Islamic Genre. This place was captured by the Sultanate king alauddin Khilji towards the end of the 13th century and he this a part of his empire. During his reign he had built a number of buildings and monuments here to be followed by the bahmani Empire. However, most of the credit for the attractions and wherever the city stands today goes to Emperor Adil Shahi who had done a lot to revive and renovate this town. The chalukyan Temples are also famous here and have their signature architecture and art styles on them with rich and intricate carvings. Bijapur is at times also referred to as a pilgrim town as this is the birthplace of Lord Basaveshwara and thus there is also the Kudala Sangama temple around. This temple is an extremely popular one and the main festival celebrated here is the Shivratri.
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An unfinished mausoleum of Ali Adil Shah 2 built in 1672 AD in the Bijapur district, which was intially built with the intent of being a burial mausolen for Adil Shah and his wifes and mistresses, but it was left incomplete because Adil Shah 2 was murdered by his own father as he didn't want Barar Kaman to reduce the glory of the Gol Gombaz.
Ibrahim Rauza Masjid
Then I visited in the bijapur city till 8 pm. This city has monuments, walls, minars everywhere. This city was on its zenith during the reign of Adil shah and Ibrahim shah II. I had delicious meal there in the city and then returned to my hotel. I had not slept last night so I was too tired to roam anywhere else. I came back to hotel around 9 and slept within no time. It was a nice day to visit Bijapur, especially Gol Gumbaj. When I saw it , I remembered the days in the school when we used to match the famous monuments with their names in our exercises. And , believe, I remember the picture of Gol Gumbaj from that exercise of the history book.Next morning I woke up at 8 am. I freshened up myself and left the hotel for some remaining monuments in Bijapur. My first stop was at Ibrahim Rauza, an ispiration for the Taj Mahal( people say it and below pictures prove it ). This is the mausoleum of Ibrahim Adil Shah II. It has two buildings, one tomb and one mosque facing each other. This is the most ornate monument in Bijapur.
My next stop was 'Upli Burz', a tall stone tower to guard the city. At the top of the tower, a large gun called 'Malik-e-maidan' is kept. I found some children there at the top of the tower and they are always ready to pose in front of the camera. Most importantly, they all know the history and heritage of the monuments of Bijapur. I got to know a number of historical facts from them.
I wanted to visit Ibrahim Rauza and bada kamaan on that day itself but had no time as their closing time is 6 pm. So I decided to visit Taj Bawadi, the living well of Bijapur. Bawadi means a well to store water. We find great evidences of very well maintained water supply during Adil shahi dynasty. There are a number of bawadis in Bijapur which were once used to supply water to the city. Among all the bawadis , Taj bawadi is the largest in size. It has rooms on both the sides of the tank which indicates it was also used as a luxury commodity to indulge in water sports. Now, this tank is not maintained by the government. City's drainage water is now mixed with the water in the tank. Once a symbol of luxury and prosperity, now this great water tank is in the state of neglect.