One of the most beautiful places in Taiwan, Taroko National Gorge is also rich in aborigine history. Taroko National Park is one of the eight national parks in Taiwan and was named after the Taroko Gorge, the landmark gorge of the park. The park spans three counties including Hualien County. The park was originally established in 1937, was shut down in 1945, and opened again in 1986. It features a plethora of geographic wonders, including crystal clear-rivers, plummeting marble gorges, and climbing, steep cliffs. Special permits are required for people wishing to hike deep into the Taroko Gorge wilderness, but there are plenty of fantastic stop off-points for visitors who want to stick to the main tour route.