Zabid is another ancient city and UNESCO world heritage site that brings forth Yemen's past. It was the ancient capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century and an important trade destination for the Arab world. Zabid has around 63 mosques that have historical significance. It is also the capital of Islamic education with the famous University of Zabid here. This city is known for its architectural heritage with mud building up.
Sana'a, the capital city of Yemen, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It is a fusion of two worlds - the old and new. The old city, which can be entered through the Bab-al-Yemen - meaning gate of Yemen- is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It contains some of the oldest buildings in the city. It houses the Sana'a market and the Jami Masjid, the oldest mosque in the country. The streets of Sana'a are lined with shops that sell perfumed incense called 'bukhur' and even musk perfume. A drive through the city of Sana'a is an education in all things Yemeni.
Lined with the beautiful Red Sea, Yemen has its own share of beautiful beaches. Al Khawkah is one of the beaches and coastal villages of Yemen. Its long shore lined with palm trees is a great place to cool down in the hot summers of Yemen. The great view of the Red Sea is an added bonus.
Shibam, another UNESCO Word Heritage Site in Yemen is famous for its tall mud houses which are based on the vertical space concept long before modern society saw it as an option. these mud houses rise anywhere upto 30 metres, some being even higher than that. Yemen still has several tribes which exert immense influence in the politics of the country. These houses, built approximately 1600 - 1700 years ago were constructed for the purpose of protection from the Bedouin Tribes in the are. Weathered by the forces of nature, the walls of several buildings have been re-done by applying more layers of mud to keep the elements at bay.