El Tio, the most recognised icon of Carnival, is a malevolent character who transforms into the Devil for Carnival. Known as the Uncle or God of the mountains, indigenous miners believe El Tio is the owner of the mine’s minerals and the overseer of their safety.
Pachamama is the Earth Mother who the Indigenous people believe is a giving and benevolent goddess much like the Virgin de la Candelaria.
There are other notable icons in Carnival include , Llameradas representing the pre-Columbian story of the llama herders who danced to maintain control of their herds, Archangel San Miguel.
Tobas warriors symbolising the victors of the Inca Empire, Incas , Kallawayas representing doctors of the Inca empire.
Caporales represening the overseers who gained a reputation for their cruel treatment of Indian and slave laborers.
Morenos representing the Africans who were enslaved by the Spanish back in the 1600s.
# When to go at ' Carnaval de Oruro' ?
Because carnival is timed to end exactly 40 days before Easter, the start date of the festival differs year to year.