In 1499, Nanak Dev founded a unique religious faith rooted in values of humanism, liberalism and pluralism. He sought to move away from the dogmas he had seen in other religions, and preached a new one where social service and justice were paramount in practice of the faith. His teachings were further consolidated by the nine Gurus that followed after him. He came to be known as Guru Nanak, and all subsequent men who led the faith received the title of Guru. Nanak rebelled against institutional religion and believed that rituals divided humanity, thus attempting to create a new faith that moved beyond and focused solely on personal relationships with the faith. The 10th Guru finally abolished the system of a person becoming the Guru, instead the Sikh scriptures, containing teachings and poems by Nanak and those who came after him, that are collected in the Guru Granth Sahib, became the literal embodiment of the eternal Guru. Every Sikh temple or Gurudwara now holds a copy of the granth, and every follower of the faith pays homage to the book.