Gandikota-The Grand Canyons of India
Gandikota is a village and historical fort on the right bank of the Penna River, 15 km from Jammalamadugu in Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh, India.The fort was the center of power for various dynasties, such as the Kalyani Chalukyas, Delhi Sultante, Pemmasani Nayaks, and the Golconda Sultanate. Gandikota was the capital of Pemmasani Nayaks, who were vassals of the Vijayanagara Empire, for almost 300 years. Pemmasani Ramalinga Nayudu constructed the huge fort at Gandikota with 101 towers replacing the previous sand fort constructed by Kapa Raja, Vassals of Kalyani Chakulyas rulers. Various additions of Islamic architecture were made during subsequent Muslim rule.