Chitradurga fort

Tripoto
27th Sep 2018
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Day 1

The fort has historical importance and it is one if the beautiful forts i have ever visited. The bristish called it chitaldoorg, is a fortification that straddles several hills and a peak overlooking a flat valley in the chitradurga district of karnataka. The name chitradurga comes from a kannada word 'chitra' means picture and since the rocks in the durga depict pictures of animals, the name chitradurga is derived.
We travelled from bangalore and it is around 200 km from bangalore. The temperature usually will be 30-32 degrees. The fort is very huge with numerous gates and huge rocks. The fort was built between 11th and 13th centuries by the dynasties of chalukyas and hoysalas, later the nayakas of vijayanagar empire.

Entrance of fort

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

The gaint entrance of the fort

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

The fort is built in a series of seven concentric fortification walls with various passages, a citadel, masjid, warehouses for grains and oil, water reservoir and about 18 temples. Among the ancient temples the most interesting is the hidambeshwara temple. The masjids was an addition during hyder ali's rule. The fort's many interconnecting tanks were used to harvest rainwater, and the fort was said to never suffer from a water shortage. This is also called as the fort of stones or the 'kallina kote'. The other names used in kannada are 'ukkina kote' steel fort and 'yelu suttina kote' known as 'seven circles fort'.

Wall of the fort

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Built by huge bricks

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

So many huge rocks

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Carvings on stones

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Entrance of the fort

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Chitradurga fort lies in the midst of the valley formed by the vedavathi river. The tungabhadra river flows to the northwest of the fort. Seven hills constitute the chinmuladri range. The seven circles of the fort encloses the hills. Features of massive rock hills and scenic valleys,huge towering boulders are seen in the fort. The hills on which major part of the fort and the city rest belong to the oldest rock of grantic formation in the country. Tye highest hill peak of the area is located at jogi matti.

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Madakari nayaka was the last ruler during whose period hyder ali attacked the fort. During this war the wife of a soldier guarding the fort, tried to save the dynasty by her heroism. It is still a legendary event. The wife if the soldier was obbava and she got the name onake obbava because she used onake as her weapon to kill the soldiers. Karnataka still remembers onake obbava for her brave act.

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Rocks

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Rocks

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Obbavana kindi

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Obbavana kindi

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Around 18 temples were built in the upper fort. Some of the well known temples were hidimbeshwara temple, siddeshwara temple, gopala krishna, lord hanuman and nandi. Hidimbeshwara temple displays the tooth of hidimba. A large cylinder about 3 meters in circumference and 2 meters high made of iron plates known as bheri or drum of bhima is located here. A monolithic pillar and two swing frames are also seen at the gate to this temple. Sampige siddeshwara temple is at the foot of the hill. In the gopalakrishna temple, inscriptions date the idol to the early 14th century.

Temple

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Mantapa

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Pillar at temple

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Temple on top of the hill

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Rainwater harvesting structures were built in a cascade development which ensured large storage of water in interconnected Reservoirs. It is said that the fort never faced water shortage.

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju
Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Pond

Photo of Chitradurga fort by Pooju

Hstorical linkage has been established by an archaeological inscription found panchanlinga cave. In the lower fort, a administrative office was added during tippu sultan's rule. Another interesting find in the arsenal is a qudraple mill made of masonry of 3 mts. It is also maddu bisuva kallu. These were rotated by elephants or bullocks.

Photo of Chitradurga, Karnataka, India by Pooju
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