The 7 Properties in Cambodia Listed into World Heritage by UNESCO.
Cambodia is a small and developing country among Asian countries and Southeast Asia. Cambodia was reached on top of rich culture, civilization, business etc. in the past period of 11th century in Angkor Period (10th - 12th century). Our ancestors has been leaving culture, language, statues, and other magnificent properties as well as Ankgor Wat for our next generation to protect and preserve. Nowadays, 7 wonderful sites and statues are put into World Heritage for all human being by UNESCO are following;
1. Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat is a temple complex and the largest religious monument in the world. It was originally constructed as a Hindu temple of god Vishnu for the Khmer Empire, gradually transforming into a Buddhist temple towards the end of the 12th century. It was built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II. Angkor Wat listed into World Heritage site as Tangible Culture by UNESCO on 14th December 1992. (read more on: http://mylegendtours.com/Angkor_wat_see.php)
2. The Royal Ballet of Cambodia, or “Apsara Dance”
The Royal Ballet of Cambodia is a form of performing arts established in the royal courts of Cambodia for the purpose of entertainment as well as ceremonial propitiation. It is the dominant genre of dance theater in Cambodia that features the classical dance style.
It is performed during public occasions and ceremonies in Cambodia as well as among Cambodians in other countries. Performances entails elaborately dressed dancers performing a slow and figurative set of gestures and poses meant to entrance the viewer. The repertoire includes dances of tribute or invocation and the enactment of traditional stories and epic poems such as the Ramayana. The Royal Ballet of Cambodia listed into The World Heritage Property as Intangible Culture by UNESCO on 7th November 2003. Watch Video
3. Sbèk Thom, Khmer Shadow Theater
The Sbek Thom is a Khmer shadow theatre featuring twometre high, non-articulated puppets made of leather openwork. Dating from before the Angkorian period, the Sbek Thom, along with the Royal Ballet and mask theatre, is considered sacred. Dedicated to the divinities, performances could only take place on specific occasions three or four times a year, such as the Khmer New Year, the King’s birthday or the veneration of famous people. Sbek Thom was listed in the World Heritage Property as Intangible Culture by UNESCO on 25th November 2005. Video
4. Preah Vihear Temple
Preah Vihear Temple situated on the edge of a plateau that dominates the plain of Cambodia, the Temple of Preah Vihear is dedicated to Shiva. The Temple is composed of a series of sanctuaries linked by a system of pavements and staircases over an 800 metre long axis and dates back to the first half of the 11th century AD. Nevertheless, its complex history can be traced to the 9th century, when the hermitage was founded. This site is particularly well preserved, mainly due to its remote location. The site is exceptional for the quality of its architecture, which is adapted to the natural environment and the religious function of the temple, as well as for the exceptional quality of its carved stone ornamentation. Preah Vihear Temple was listed in the World Heritage Site as Tangible Culture on 7th July 2008.
5. Teanh Prot Game (Tug of War)
Tracing its origin and source of inspirations in Cambodian culture, the game is associated or strongly inspired from a Hindu myth of “the churning of the ocean of milk” of both physical and religious aspects (see further discussion below). Both inscriptional and iconographic evidence shows that the myth of churning gained tremendous popularity and favors in ancient Cambodian society; and it was even more popular than in India, the country of origin itself. Teanh Prot or Tug of War was listed in the World Heritage Statue on 2nd December 2015. Watch Video
6. Cha Pey Dong Veng
The Cha Pey Dong Veng or Chapey is a Cambodia two-stringed, long-necked guita that is usually plucked. It has two double courses of nylon strings. The chapey is an instrument with two to four strings used for traditional music, and when combined with poems in Khmer, becomes the chapey dong veng art form. The art form chapey dong veng was has been certified by UNESCO as part of Cambodia’s intangible cultural heritage on 30th November 2016.
7. Temple Zone of Sambor Prei Kuk, Archaeological Site of Ancient Ishanapura
The archaeological site of Sambor Prei Kuk, “the temple in the richness of the forest” in the Khmer language, has been identified as Ishanapura, the capital of the Chenla Empire that flourished in the late 6th and early 7th centuries AD. The vestiges of the city cover an area of 25 sq km and include a walled city centre as well as numerous temples, ten of which are octagonal, unique specimens of their genre in South-East Asia. Decorated sandstone elements in the site are characteristic of the pre-Angkor decorative idiom, known as the Sambor Prei Kuk Style. Some of these elements, including lintels, pediments and colonnades, are true masterpieces. The art and architecture developed here became models for other parts of the region and lay the ground for the unique Khmer style of the Angkor period. Sambor Prei Kuk was agreed by UNESCO in Krakow city as Tangible Culture on 8th July 2017.