The Architectural Pilgrimage along the Riverfront of Belur

Tripoto
29th Mar 2018
Photo of The Architectural Pilgrimage along the Riverfront of Belur by DoiBedouin

The first step to travel starts from the hometown itself. My hometown is also a home to the worldly known “Symphony in Architecture”, Belur Math. Situated at an equal distance from both the Belur Math and Dakshineswar Temple, my house is an easy access. Both of these names are associated with Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansa; both being initiated by his disciples, the former by Swami Vivekananda and the latter by Rani Rashmoni.

Swami Vivekananda is known for his speech on Universal Brotherhood of all Religion and the same is reflected in the architecture of Belur Math. Before its construction of the Math, he travelled far ends of the country to serve the poor and sick; he also visioned building an institution inspired from different architectural monuments. Thus Belur Math is thus an amalgamation of different architectural form of different religious faith. Truly a symphony in architecture.

Architecture (Source: Wikipedia)

The main entrance of the temple, has a facade influenced by Buddhist styles in the Buddhist stupa at Sanchi & the main entrance of the Ajanta Caves.The structure which rises over the entrance is modelled on the Hindu temples of South India with their lofty towers. The windows and balconies inside the temple draw upon the Rajput (Hindu) and Mughal (Islamic) style of north India. The central dome is derived from European architecture of St. Maria-Del-Florence in Italy built during the Renaissance period. The three umbrella-like domes on the top built in Rajput-Moghul styles give an idea of thatched roofs of the village Kamarpukur. The natmandira, the spacious congregational hall attached to the sanctum, resembles a church, especially of St Peter's Church in Rome. The pillars in a line on its both sides are according to Doric or Greek style. The beam above is held by decorative brackets similar to the Meenakshi Temple at Madurai in Tamil Nadu. The elaborate designs on the pillars resemble the Orissa style. The hanging balconies above the natmandir and the windows show the effect of Moghul architecture used in the Fatehpur Sikri.The broad parikrama path for doing circumambulatory rounds on all sides of the garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum) are built like Buddhist chaityas and Christian Churches. The lattice work statues of Navagraha figures are etched on semi-circular top of outside the temple. The golden kalasha is placed on the top of the temple and has a full-bloomed lotus below. The architecture of the big dome and of the other domes show a shade of Islamic, Rajput, Bengali terracotta and Lingaraj Temple styles. The entrance doors on both east and west of the temple having pillars on both sides are like the elegant gateways of the Manmandir in Gwalior Fort. Ganesha and Hanuman images, representing success and power are carved above them.

Photo of Belur Math, Belur, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math, Belur, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math, Belur, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin

Other institutes include Ramakrishna Museum (which exhibits panchabati’s kalpaturu) Swami Vivekananda temple, Sarada Devi Temple and Brahmananda Temple, all aligned in series along the ganges riverside. Other important buildings include the handicraft products showroom and an Advaitya library is situated before entering the premises of the Math. Also educational institutes of Ramakrishna Mission are situated here.

Photo of Ramakrishna Museum / রামকৃষ্ণ সংগ্রহালয়, Belur, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Swami Vivekananda Temple, Belur, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Sarada Devi Temple, Belur Math Campus, Belur, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin

The breezy riverside also provides the view of the other gangetic shore and the lonches and boats ferrying passengers to Dakshineswar.

Photo of Belur Math Mayer Ghat, Belur Math Campus, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Mayer Ghat, Belur Math Campus, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Mayer Ghat, Belur Math Campus, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Mayer Ghat, Belur Math Campus, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Mayer Ghat, Belur Math Campus, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Mayer Ghat, Belur Math Campus, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Ramkrishna Mission Pallimangal, Kamarpukur, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin

Main Attractions:

Besides being the centre and headquaters of the Ramakrishna Mission, the Math celebrates Durga Puja annually and the Kumari Puja attracts many a people. Other occasions include Buddha Jayanti and Christmas Eve. Daily activities include the Sandhya arati which is really soothing to the ears.

The journey to Dakshineswar can either be done through bus route or by ferry, choice is yours. By bus Belurmath-Garia is available every 15 min and by ferry lonch is available every 30 min, however frequent boat rides are available (locally known as Bhut Bhuti). The road to the ferry ghat includes colourful shops exhibiting photoframes and you could eat some snacks here too.

Photo of Ferry Ghat Road, Belur, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Ferry Ghat Road, Belur, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Ferry Service, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Ferry Service, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Ferry Service, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Ferry Service, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Ferry Service, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Ferry Service, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Belur Math Ferry Service, Belur Math, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin

The ferry journey would include the river views of Bally Rashbari dedicated to Lord Krishna and known for the grand celebration of Rashmela in the month of November. Another ancient building of the area locally known as Bally Deshbandhu Club is also a delight to the eyes; the building is dedicated to the great leader of modern Bengal, Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das. You would be going underneath the twin bridges of Nibedita and Vivekananda Setu on your ferry way to Dakshineswar.

Photo of The Architectural Pilgrimage along the Riverfront of Belur by DoiBedouin
Photo of The Architectural Pilgrimage along the Riverfront of Belur by DoiBedouin
Photo of Rash Bari, Belur, Bally, Howrah, West Bengal by DoiBedouin
Photo of Bally Deshbondhu Club, Grand Trunk Road, Bally, Howrah, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Bally Bridge, PWD Road, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Bally Bridge, PWD Road, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Bally Bridge, PWD Road, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Bally Bridge, PWD Road, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Ma Bhabotarini Jetty Ghat - Dakshineswar, Ma Bhabotarini Jetty Ghat, May Dibas Pally, Dakshineswar, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Ma Bhabotarini Jetty Ghat - Dakshineswar, Ma Bhabotarini Jetty Ghat, May Dibas Pally, Dakshineswar, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin

Dakshineswar temple was built by Rani Rashmoni in the traditional ‘Nava-ratna’ or nine spires typical of the then Bengal architecture. The temple is surrounded by twelve shrines of Lord Shiva. The roof of the temple spires have been grooved artistically bearing a striking resemblance to the Pirhas. It is a three-story, south-faced temple. A narrow verandah is erected later, which serves as an audience-chamber and it is attached to the sanctum sanctorum (garbha griha) , which houses the goddess Dakshina Kali, famously known as Bhavataraini. A huge spacious Natmandir (Dancing hall) has been erected in front of the temple.

Photo of Dakshineswar, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Dakshineswar, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Dakshineswar, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Dakshineswar, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin
Photo of Dakshineswar, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by DoiBedouin

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