Jaipur is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state Rajasthan. Jaipur divided into two parts “New Jaipur City” and the “Old Jaipur City”. The “Old Jaipur City” is also known as “The Pink City” because of the colour scheme used in the exterior of the buildings present there. The colour which has been used to paint the exteriors is in warmer side of the colour tone curve and is nowhere near to the colour pink that we know. During the time when the state was being formed the King in rule thought that colour to be pink thus the state is called “The Pink City”.
Jaipur city is the first planned city ever made in the history of India. Jaipur was founded by the Rajput ruler Maharaja Sewai Jai Singh Segar, the ruler of Amer, after whom the city is named. Maharaja Sewai Jai Singh Segar was a well-known astrologer and also a city planner. On 18th of November, 1727 Jaipur city was founded.
Jaipur is a popular tourist destination in India and forms a part of the west ‘Golden Triangle’ tourist circuit along with Delhi and Agra. It is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites- the Jantar Mantar and the Amer Fort. It also serves as a gateway to the other tourist locations in Rajasthan such as Jodhpur, Udaipur, Mount Abu, Jaisalmer, Bikaner and many other places.
Jaipur has many hidden tourist attractions such as the Hawa Mahal, Jal Mahal, City Palace, Amer Fort, Jantar Mantar, Jaigarh Fort, Birla Mandir and many more places. Hawa Mahal is five-storey pyramidal shaped monument with 953 windows that rises 15 meters from its base height.
Cost of staying in Jaipur is not high. A normal 3star Hotel may cost you Rs1200 for a night. Food costs are as well cheap and Jaipur falls amongst the rich and spicy food consuming city in India so it is suggested to the low heat tolerant people to check the spice level before eating. Sweets are also famous in Jaipur. While visiting Jaipur one must try Dal Batti Churma, Curry Pakora and Gatte ki Sabji. Travelling in Jaipur is a bit expensive so it is recommended to rent a bike or scooter and roam all around the city.
How to Reach Jaipur from Kolkata
a) Direct- Pratap Express, Sealdah Ajmer Express, Howrah Junction Jodhpur Express, Kolkata Jodhpur Junction Express, Annanya Express
b) Via Delhi- Rajdhani Express from Howrah and Sealdah, Poorva Express, Udyan Abha Toofan Express and many other trains.
2) Via Flight- Many flight companies offer direct flight from Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport.