The altitude of the valley and the mountains is a grand exhibition of various floral species. At its lowest heights, conifers are found, which are taken over by meadows of grass, lichens, mosses and shrubs further up. Above these grasslands is the alpine zone, which does not allow grasses and trees to grow, begins.
Hundreds of species of colourful flowers blossom here in different seasons. Many of them are endemic and threatened; hence the government has restricted human activity here. Among the animals found here are Himalayan black bears, brown bears, snow leopards, red foxes, Himalayan tahrs, musk deer and monals.