Earlier known as Ulwar, this city and district was founded in the 11th Century by King Alghuraj. Since alphabetically, the name of the city came last almost so he changed it to Alwar to bring it on top. This place is known for its beautiful historic buildings, monuments, markets and the handicrafts. There was always a power struggle out here between a number of kings and dynasties. The most famous are the ones between the Mughal kings and the Rajput rulers, especially between Sultan Balbana and Maharana Pratap. The city is very close to the capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur and it is also the nearest airport. The city organizes fairs throughout the year. These include Teej, Laldas Maila, Bilali Fair, Sahibji ka Maila, Jagannathji Fair and others. The main places from where you can shop for ethnic handicrafts are the Hope Circus, Bazaza Bazar, Malakhera Bazar and Kedalgang Bazar. The main tourist attractions of Alwar are Bala Quila, City Palace, Government Museum, Moosi Maharani ki Chhatri, Purjan Vihar and Fateh Jung Tomb.