After fall of Chandela dynasty, Khajuraho temples suffered major destruction and disfigurement by the barbaric Muslim invaders. Local people left the town with a hope that it's solitude would distract Muslim invaders from the temple area and in this way both temple and they would remain safe. Thus, from 13th century to 18th century, Khajuraho temples remained lost in the thick forest cover, away from popularity, till it was re-discovered by a British engineer T. S. Burt in 1838.
From the 10th to 12th century AD, Khajuraho was the capital of the Chandela dynasty who ruled the Bundelkhand region. Khajuraho temples were mainly built between 950 CE and 1050 CE. Khajuraho temple site had 85 temples by the 12th century, spread over 20 square kilometres. However, at present only 22 - 25 temples are existing, spread over six square kilometres. The first recorded mention of the Khajuraho temples is found in the accounts of Abu Rihan al Biruni in 1022 AD and the Arab traveller Ibn Battuta in 1335 AD.
During erection of these great structures mortar is not used anywhere. Rather, mortise and tenon joint technique along with the forces of gravity, is used to bind the stones together. This very simple yet effective technique is being used for thousands of years.History of Khajuraho:
Khajuraho is situated in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh in India, nestled in the lap of Vindhyanchal mountain range. The famous Panna National Park and Panna Diamond Mines are in close proximity. What makes Khajuraho, world famous, is the cluster of Hindu and Jain temples. It is one of the most visited places in India by foreign tourists. It was declared in 1986, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Awesome... Mesmerising... Splendid.. One utters only these or similar words repeatedly while visiting Khajuraho. It is quite impossible to describe the carving excellence in words. One must visit to experience the art and skills of the highest quality. Manicured nails, wet hair, dripping water, putting on make-up, luscious lips, salacious eyes, big bosoms, bulging backs, knotting and un-knotting of girdles, entwine legs, alluring poses, heavy Kamarbands, bare foot with ankle bracelet, intricate jewellery and above all, the expressions and emotions on the faces and the list goes on and on...all are as good as alive. Mind blowing indeed. One cannot find another example of such an extremely brilliant class of art. Like yoga, meditation and zero, Khajuraho is another gift of India to the world. It is really wonderful to imagine the class of the sculpturers and architects who made such temples around 1000 years ago and sculptured so accurately and intricately. Even today, it would be difficult to attain that level of perfection.