Rumi Darwaza 1/7 by Tripoto
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7 out of 73 attractions in Lucknow
Once the gateway of Lucknow, this beautoful monument was commissioned by Nawab Asaf- ud- Daulah under the program of 'food for work' when the city population was facing famine conditions. The gateway is not only famous in India but also all over the world. The British also called it the Turkish Gateway since the model was inspired from some monument in the then region of Constatinopole or modern day Istanbul. The Rumi Darwaza is on the north western portion of the Bada Imambada which was also commissioned by Nawab Asaf- ud- Daulah. The monument was built in the year 184 and was once surrounded by immense natural beauty. The name Rumi Darwaza was given after the word Rumi which is a Persian word meaning Rome. This is because the gateway is modelled after a gateway in Constantinopole which was once the capital of the Eastern Roman Kingdom which was later vanquished by the Turkish rulers.
It is called the signature building of Lucknow. It is also called Turkish Gate. Since it was made by workers from Rome, hence the name Roomi Gate.
Shiva Rajvanshi
Built by Nawab Asif-ud-daula during the years 1784-1786, Rumi Darwaza is no less than an ornament on the streets of Lucknow. Adjacent to the Bada Imambada stands a 62 feet grand gateway built in Indo-Roman architectural style. This entranceway is so immense that it seems to be multi-storeyed from a distance. Rumi Darwaza is said to be a replica of an archway in Constantinople and is therefore, referred to as Turkish gateway. This gate further has three arched-ways on one side and a huge single arched-way on the other. A huge cupola or chhatri crowns the structure. Two slender towers are present on either sides of the gateway. According to the great historian of Awadh, Mr. Roshan Taqui, “The spikes atop the multiple arches of the gateway signify the rising sun and the design of large petals of Lotus which according to Hindu mythology brings good fortune is used to adorn the imposing gateway.” The architectural feature that amazes its visitors is that no wood or iron was used in its construction. Moreover, this structure gives different looks when viewed from different directions. The design of this magnificent gateway was so biasing that many of the structures of those times like Jama Masjid (Lucknow), Hussainabad Imambada, Nadwat-ul-ulama and Salar Masood Ghazi’s tomb have the same design reproduced in the form of their entranceways. It was Nawab Asif-ud-daula who had got the complex of Bada Imambada (which also comprises Rumi Darwaza) built during the years 1784-1794, in order to provide food and work to the famine-stricken people of Awadh. The design of this structure was drafted by Kifayat-ullah. And with this initiative, Nawab succeeded in providing work to about 22,000 people at a time. It is said that during the daytime ordinary people used to build up this edifice while noblemen, who did not wanted to be recognised as labourers during daylight were called after the sunset to demolish the structures raised. It took them 10 years to build Bada Imambara complex and the estimated cost of the construction of this immense edifice came to Rs. 1 crore, which was a huge amount back then.
Nancy Nance
It's a 60 feet high gate constructed under Asaf-ud-Daula in 1786. It is one of the architectural wonders of that era.