4.7 / 5

Pulicat Lake
πŸ“ Chennai (Madras)View map β€Ί

πŸ—“ Best Time To Visit:October to March

⏰ Open Hours:6:00 AM - 6:00 PM

🎯 Things To Do:Bird watching, boating, photography, visit the nearby Dutch Cemetery and the Pulicat Museum

πŸ’° Budget:Boating costs around INR 50 per person, no entry fees for the lake

🧳 Traveller Types:Nature Lovers, Adventure Seekers, Bird Watchers, Photographers

πŸ” Known For:Second largest brackish water lake in India, famous for flamingo festival, rich in biodiversity

πŸ“ Distances:From Nellore Railway Station - 50 km, From Tirupati Airport - 75 km, From Chennai - 60 km

πŸ“Œ Tips:Carry binoculars for bird watching, best to visit during the flamingo festival (usually in January)

🍽 Nearby Eateries:Limited options, advisable to carry your own food and water

🏨 Accommodation:Limited accommodation options in Pulicat, better options available in Chennai or Nellore

β™Ώ Accessibility:Not fully wheelchair accessible

Have questions about Pulicat Lake?Ask the Tripoto Community β€Ί

Pulicat Lake: A Natural Wonder That Offers a Glimpse into the Rich Biodiversity of South India

Pulicat Lake is the second largest lagoon in India, and one of the most scenic and diverse natural attractions in South India. Located on the border between Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake covers an area of about 450 square kilometers, and is separated from the Bay of Bengal by the Sriharikota island, which is a rocket launching centre of India. Pulicat Lake is home to a variety of flora and fauna, including over 100 species of migratory birds, endangered animals, and exotic fish.

Pulicat Lake also has a rich and fascinating history, dating back to the prehistoric times, and influenced by various rulers and invaders, such as the Pallavas, the Cholas, the Vijayanagara Empire, the Portuguese, the Dutch, and the British.

Pulicat Lake also offers a glimpse into the culture and traditions of the local fishing villages, which celebrate the annual Flamingo Festival, a vibrant and colorful event that showcases the beauty and diversity of Pulicat Lake. In this article, we will explore the various aspects and activities related to Pulicat Lake, such as the bird sanctuary, the boating, the history, the festival, and more.

Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary: A Paradise for Bird Lovers

One of the main attractions of Pulicat Lake is the bird sanctuary, which was established in 1976, and covers an area of about 481 square kilometers. The bird sanctuary is a haven for over 100 species of migratory birds, such as flamingos, pelicans, storks, kingfishers, spoonbills, ibises, herons, egrets, and more.

The best time to visit the bird sanctuary is between October and March, when thousands of birds flock to Pulicat Lake to escape the harsh winter of their native lands. The best spots for birdwatching and photography are the Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary, the Irakkam Island, the Venadu Island, and the Pulicat Island. The bird sanctuary also has a watchtower, a museum, and an interpretation center, where visitors can learn more about the birds and their habitats.

Photo of Pulicat Lake 1/2 by

Some tips and suggestions for visitors are:

- Pack binoculars, cameras, hats, sunglasses, sunscreen, and water bottles, as the sun can be harsh and the birds can be shy.

- Avoid loud noises, bright colors, and sudden movements, as they can scare away the birds and disturb their natural behavior.

- Respect the rules and regulations of the sanctuary, such as not littering, not feeding the birds, not harming the plants and animals, and not venturing into restricted areas.

Pulicat Lake Boating: A Relaxing and Scenic Experience

Another popular activity in Pulicat Lake is boating, which is offered by the local fishing villages, such as Sullurpeta, Pazhaverkadu, and Pulicat. The boating rides are conducted on traditional boats, such as catamarans, coracles, and country boats, which are made of wood, bamboo, and coconut fiber.

The boating rides are a great way to enjoy the scenic beauty of Pulicat Lake, and to observe the wildlife, such as the birds, the fish, the otters, and the crocodiles. The boating rides also provide an opportunity to interact with the local fishermen, and to learn about their lifestyle, culture, and challenges. Some tips and suggestions for visitors are:

- Wear comfortable clothes, shoes, and life jackets, as the boats can be bumpy and wet.

- Carry snacks, drinks, and cash, as the boating rides can last for an hour or more, and there may not be any shops or ATMs nearby.

- Negotiate the price and duration of the boating rides beforehand, as they can vary depending on the season, demand, and availability.

Pulicat Lake History: A Journey Through Time

Pulicat Lake has a long and intriguing history, dating back to the prehistoric times, when it was formed by the geological movements of the earth. Pulicat Lake has witnessed the rise and fall of various dynasties and empires, such as the Pallavas, the Cholas, the Vijayanagara Empire, the Bahmani Sultanate, the Qutb Shahi Dynasty, and the Mughals.

Pulicat Lake has also been a hotspot for trade and commerce, attracting various foreign invaders and colonizers, such as the Portuguese, the Dutch, and the British. Pulicat Lake has several historical monuments and buildings that reflect its past glory and influence, such as the Dutch Fort, the Dutch Cemetery, the Dutch Church, the Portuguese Church, the Jamia Masjid, and the Sriharikota Space Centre. Some tips and suggestions for visitors are:

- Learn about the history and significance of the monuments and buildings, and appreciate their architecture and craftsmanship.

- Respect the religious and cultural sentiments of the locals, and follow the etiquette and dress code of the places of worship.

- Avoid touching, climbing, or damaging the monuments and buildings, as they are heritage sites and need to be preserved and protected.

Pulicat Lake Flamingo Festival: A Celebration of Nature and Culture

One of the most awaited events in Pulicat Lake is the Flamingo Festival, which is held every year in January, to celebrate the arrival of thousands of flamingos to the lake. The Flamingo Festival is a three-day extravaganza that showcases the beauty and diversity of Pulicat Lake, and the culture and traditions of the local fishing villages.

The Flamingo Festival features various cultural programs and competitions, such as folk dances, music, painting, photography, quiz, etc., and also provides a platform for the local artisans and craftsmen to display and sell their products, such as pottery, baskets, mats, etc. The Flamingo Festival also offers a chance to taste the delicious coastal cuisine, such as fish curry, prawn fry, crab masala, etc.

Photo of Pulicat Lake 2/2 by

Some tips and suggestions for visitors are:

- Book your accommodation and transportation in advance, as the Flamingo Festival attracts a large number of tourists and locals, and the availability and prices may vary.

- Enjoy the festivities and participate in the activities, but also respect the environment and the wildlife, and do not litter, feed, or harm the birds or the plants.

- Carry your identity proof, emergency contacts, and medical kit, as the Flamingo Festival is held in a remote and rural area, and there may not be any facilities or services nearby.

How to Reach Pulicat Lake: Road, Rail, and Air Options

Pulicat Lake is well-connected by road, rail, and air, and can be easily reached from various nearby cities and towns, such as Chennai, Nellore, and Tirupati. The nearest airport is the Chennai International Airport, which is about 60 kilometers away from Pulicat Lake, and has flights to and from major domestic and international destinations.

The nearest railway station is the Sullurpeta Railway Station, which is about 15 kilometers away from Pulicat Lake, and has trains to and from major cities and towns in South India.

The nearest bus station is the Sullurpeta Bus Station, which is about 16 kilometers away from Pulicat Lake, and has buses to and from Chennai, Nellore, Tirupati, and other nearby places. Alternatively, one can also hire a taxi or a car from Chennai, Nellore, or Tirupati, and reach Pulicat Lake by road, which is a scenic and comfortable journey.

Some tips and suggestions for visitors are:

- Choose the mode of transportation that suits your budget, time, and convenience, and compare the prices and availability of different options.

- Check the weather and road conditions before traveling and plan your itinerary accordingly.

- Carry your valid documents, such as passport, visa, driving license, etc., and follow the traffic rules and regulations.

Best Time to Visit Pulicat Lake: Weather and Seasonal Factors

The best time to visit Pulicat Lake is between October and March, when the weather is pleasant and the migratory birds are abundant. The temperature during this period ranges from 15 to 30 degrees Celsius, and the rainfall is minimal. This is also the peak season for tourism, and the Flamingo Festival is held in January.

The summer season, from April to June, is hot and humid, and the temperature can reach up to 40 degrees Celsius. The monsoon season, from July to September, is wet and windy, and the rainfall can be heavy. These seasons are not ideal for visiting Pulicat Lake, as the weather can be uncomfortable and the birds can be scarce.

Some tips and suggestions for visitors are:

- Pack according to the season and the weather, and carry appropriate clothes, shoes, and accessories.

- Check the weather forecast before traveling, and be prepared for any changes or emergencies.

- Book your tickets and accommodation in advance, especially during the peak season, and avail the discounts and offers.

Pulicat Lake is a natural and historical attraction that offers a variety of aspects and activities to explore, such as the bird sanctuary, the boating, the history, the festival, and more. Pulicat Lake is a perfect destination for nature lovers, birdwatchers, history buffs, culture enthusiasts, and adventure seekers, who can enjoy a unique and memorable experience in South India.

If you are looking for a place that combines the beauty of nature, the charm of history, and the vibrancy of culture, Pulicat Lake is the place to go. Book your trip today and enjoy!

Planning a trip soon?
Unlock the Perfect Getaway with us
See Packages for Nellore β€Ί

Places To Visit In Tamil Nadu