Brazil Tourism and Travel Guide

Brazil (/brəˈzɪl/; Portuguese: Brasil [bɾaˈziw] ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, listen ), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region. It is the world's fifth-largest country, both by geographical area and by population. It is the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world, and the only one in the Americas.Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and occupies 47.3 percent of the continent of South America. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a federal republic. The federation is composed of the union of the Federal District, the 26 states, and the 5,570 municipalities. Brazil has the world's highest population of Roman Catholics and is the world's most populous Catholic-majority country.Brazil's economy is the world's ninth-largest by nominal GDP and seventh-largest by GDP (PPP) as of 2015. A member of the BRICS group, Brazil until 2010 had one of the world's fastest growing major economies, with its economic reforms giving the country new international recognition and influence. Brazil's national development bank plays an important role for the country's economic growth. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Unasul, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States, CPLP and the Latin Union. Brazil is a regional power in Latin America and a middle power in international affairs, with some analysts identifying it as an emerging global power. One of the world's major breadbaskets, Brazil has been the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years.
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Best Time to Visit Brazil

Peak season: December to March are the months when there are many festivals which take place. Prices are on the higher side and it is advisable to have prior bookings in hotels and guest houses.

Shoulder Season: April to October is when the weather is warm and dry, prices are on the lower side compared to the peak season.

Off-season: May to September is the period when there is less tourist activity taking place, prices are at the lowest. This is an ideal time to visit Amazon or Pantanal.

Budget for Brazil

For Budget Travellers: INR 1500 - 2500 a day

  • Accommodation in hostels and basic rooms in guesthouses: INR 900-1200
  • Food in local cafes and street eateries: INR 400-600
  • Public Transport in metro and buses: INR 60 - 100
  • Sightseeing: INR 150 - 200

For Mid-range Travellers: INR 4000 to INR 5000 a day

  • Accommodation in mid-range hotels and homestays: INR 2500 - 3500
  • Food in mid-range cafes and restaurants: INR 1000- 1500
  • Local transport in subway train and taxis: INR 250 - 300
  • Sightseeing & Tours: INR 200 - 500

For Luxury Travellers: INR 5000 and upwards

  • Accommodation in 4* or 5* hotels: INR 5000 and upwards
  • Food in upscale restaurants and bars: INR 3000 and upwards
  • Local transport in cabs: INR 600 and upwards

Visa Information for Brazil

Nationals of India require a valid passport and tourist visa to enter Brazil, INR 1,271 will be charged for a tourist visa for an Indian citizen. Citizens of Australia and the USA need a visa whereas nationals of United Kingdom, France, Germany and New Zealand do not require a visa. The nationals of U.S will have to pay an amount of $160 USD, Canadians $65 USD, and Australians $35 USD. The Brazilian visa process can be completed in less than 10 days. A Brazil tourist visa allows a visitor to reside for a minimum period of 90 days. The citizens of the following countries are exempted from obtaining a Brazilian tourist visa for a period of 90 days: Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Monaco, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, OSM Malta, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uruguay and Vatican. Please click on the link for more details regarding the Brazilian visa application process and the visa requirements