Jai Pol (Victory Gate): Built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1806 to celebrate his victory over Jaipur and Bikaner armies.
Fateh Pol (Fateh Gate): Built by Maharaja Ajit Singh in 1707 to mark his victory over the Mughals.
Gopal Pol (Gopal Gate): Built by Maharaja Gaj Singh in 1646 as the main entrance to the palace complex.
Bhairon Pol (Bhairon Gate): Built by Rao Maldev in 1532 as the first line of defense.
Dedh Kamgra Pol (Dedh Kamgra Gate): Built by Rao Jodha in 1460 as the original entrance to the fort. It still bears the marks of cannon balls fired by the Jaipur army in 1808.
Marti Pol (Marti Gate): Built by Rao Maldev in 1532 as the second line of defense.
Loha Pol (Iron Gate): Built by Rao Jodha in 1459 as the final and most formidable gate. It has sharp iron spikes to prevent elephant attacks.
The fort also has several bastions and watchtowers that provide a panoramic view of the city and the desert. The most prominent ones are:
Rao Jodha’s Bastion: The oldest and largest bastion, built by Rao Jodha in 1459. It houses the Chamunda Devi Temple and the Nagnechiaji Temple.
Fateh Prakash Bastion: The most decorated and ornate bastion, built by Maharaja Fateh Singh in 1899. It houses the Daulat Khana (Treasure Room) and the Armoury Gallery.
Jhanki Mahal Bastion: The most elegant and graceful bastion, built by Maharaja Jaswant Singh II in 1895. It houses the Jhanki Mahal (Peeping Palace) and the Cradle Gallery.
Phool Mahal Bastion: The most beautiful and exquisite bastion, built by Maharaja Abhay Singh in 1724. It houses the Phool Mahal (Flower Palace) and the Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace).
The fort also has several courtyards that connect the different palaces and structures. The most notable ones are:
Shringar Chowk (Shringar Courtyard): The first courtyard after entering through Gopal Pol. It has a marble throne where the coronation ceremonies of the Rathore rulers took place.
Daulat Khana Chowk (Daulat Khana Courtyard): The second courtyard after entering through Gopal Pol. It has a museum that displays the royal palanquins, paintings, costumes and other artifacts.
Sileh Khana Chowk (Sileh Khana Courtyard): The third courtyard after entering through Gopal Pol. It has a museum that displays the royal arms, weapons and armour.
Moti Mahal Chowk (Moti Mahal Courtyard): The fourth courtyard after entering through Gopal Pol. It has the Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace), which was the main hall of audience of the Rathore rulers.
You may also like to read: Our Beautiful Days: Meandering Around Mehrangarh Fort
Palaces of Mehrangarh Fort
The palaces of Mehrangarh Fort are among the most splendid and magnificent structures in Rajasthan. They showcase the opulence, taste and craftsmanship of the Rathore rulers who built them over centuries. They are adorned with intricate carvings, paintings, mirrors, stained glass, gold and silver work, and other decorations. They also have spacious rooms, balconies, windows and terraces that offer stunning views of the city and the landscape. Some of the most remarkable palaces in Mehrangarh Fort are:
Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace): Built by Raja Sur Singh in 1594, it was the main hall of audience where the Rathore rulers held their court and received their guests. It has five alcoves that lead to hidden balconies where the queens could listen to the proceedings without being seen. It also has a large stained glass window that reflects different colours on the walls.
Phool Mahal (Flower Palace): Built by Maharaja Abhay Singh in 1724, it was the private chamber of pleasure where the Rathore rulers entertained themselves with music, dance and poetry. It is considered to be one of the most lavish and exquisite halls in India. It is decorated with gold filigree work, paintings of flowers, birds and gods, and a ceiling that resembles a sky full of stars.
Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace): Built by Maharaja Ajit Singh in 1718, it was a dressing room for the Rathore rulers where they admired themselves in the mirrors. It is covered with mirrors of different shapes and sizes that reflect light and create a dazzling effect. It also has paintings of religious scenes and floral motifs on the walls.
Zenana Deodi (Women’s Palace): Built by Maharaja Jaswant Singh I in 1659, it was a palace for the royal ladies where they lived and spent their time. It has several rooms and apartments that are connected by corridors and courtyards. It also has a museum that displays the royal cradles, textiles, jewellery and other items belonging to the queens and princesses.
Takht Vilas (Throne Palace): Built by Maharaja Takht Singh in 1843, it was the residence of the last ruler to live in Mehrangarh Fort. It has a mix of traditional and modern styles of architecture and decoration. It has a wooden ceiling that is painted with scenes from Hindu mythology, a glass chandelier that was imported from England, and a marble throne that was gifted by the British.
Jhanki Mahal (Peeping Palace): Built by Maharaja Jaswant Singh II in 1895, it was a palace where the royal ladies could watch the ceremonies and processions in the courtyards without being seen. It has several windows and balconies that offer a view of the fort and the city. It also has a museum that displays the royal portraits, paintings and costumes.
Best Time to Visit Mehrangarh Fort
The best time to visit Mehrangarh Fort is from October to March, when the weather is pleasant and comfortable for sightseeing and exploring the fort. The temperature ranges from 10°C to 25°C during these months, and the sky is clear and sunny.
You can also enjoy the festivals and events that take place in Jodhpur during this time, such as the Marwar Festival in October, the Rajasthan International Folk Festival in November, and the Jodhpur RIFF Flamenco and Gypsy Festival in March. The fort is open from 9 am to 5 pm every day, and the entry fee is INR 600 for international guests and INR 100 for domestic guests. You can also opt for an audio guide or a guided tour to learn more about the fort’s history and stories.
Best Restaurant Near Mehrangarh Fort
If you are looking for a place to enjoy a delicious meal after visiting Mehrangarh Fort, you can head to Chokelao Mahal, which is a restaurant located inside the fort itself. The restaurant offers a variety of dishes, such as Rajasthani, Indian, Continental and Chinese cuisine, along with a stunning view of the fort and the city. The restaurant is open from 9 am to 10 pm every day, and the average cost for two people is INR 1000.