It displays ancient archaeological discoveries including the famous fossil remains of Lucy (or Dinknesh). Lucy is the oldest hominid who lived some 3.2 million years ago in the North East part of Ethiopia. The National Museum of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa is also a great place to learn about the old history of Ethiopia and amazing cultures of Ethiopians.
Ethnological (Ethnographic) Museum is found inside Addis Ababa University. This museum is one of the best ethnographic museums in Africa. Visitors can learn a lot about the cultures of the 80+ linguistic groups of Ethiopia. The building of the museum was where the famous Ethiopian Emperor Haile Sillassie I lived for nearly 25 years before he made it Ethiopia's first university.
Zoma Museum is fairly new museum in Addis Ababa. This museum is unique and worth visiting for its unusual artworks made on mud walls. Different Ethiopian artists show their artistic pieces of work on dirt (mud) walls. Zoma Museum also has a huge garden to learn about the different plants and special spices (herbs) Ethiopians use to cook their delicious meals.
BEST RELIGIOUS PLACES TO VISIT IN ADDIS ABABA
1 - Holy Trinity Cathedral (ቅድስት ሥላሴ ካቴድራል)
Being one of the oldest Christian religious sites in Addis Ababa, Holy Trinity Cathedral is the most important (the holiest) church in Addis Ababa for Ethiopian Orthodox Christians. The Cathedral was established right after Ethiopia became independent from the five years (1936-1941) Italian Occupation.
Holy Trinity Cathedral is worth visiting for its uniquely beautiful building architectures, and for the colorful artistic stained glass windows. The Holy Trinity Cathedral is also a place where most notable Ethiopians are buried at including the founder - Emperor Haile Sillassie I.
2 - Saint Raguel Church at Mount Entoto (እንጦጦ ራጐኤል ቤ/ክርስቲያን)
Saint Raguel (or Elias) church, located at Entoto Mountain, is Addis Ababa's oldest church founded by Emperor Menelik II.
The octagonal shaped church of Saint Raguel is typically interesting for the beautiful never-restored hand paintings inside the church which depict biblical scenes as figurative teaching for people who cannot read.
Inside the compound of Saint Raguel Church, visitors can see an abandoned 700 years old cave church.
BEST HISTORICAL MONUMENTS TO SEE IN ADDIS ABABA
1 - Lion of Judah Monument
There are two monuments of the Lion of Judah in Addis Ababa found on the Churchill Street. It is worth stopping at the Lion of Judah Monuments and learn Ethiopian history especially related with the reign of Emperor Haile Sillassie I (1930/31-1974).
Lion (with black mane) was the national symbol the Solomonic Dynasty in Ethiopia. Emperor Haile Sillassie I is the last Emperor of the Solomonic Dynasty which supposedly started in the 9th BC with Emperor Menelik I (the son of the Ethiopian Queen of Sheba and King Solomon of Jerusalem).
2 - Statue of Emperor Menelik II
Emperor Menelik II is the founder of Addis Ababa city. Menelik II ruled Ethiopia from his palace at Mount Entoto (few kilo meters north of Addis Ababa). Then he moved his capital from Mount Entoto to Addis Ababa in 1887. His wife, Empress Taitu, gave the name 'Addis Ababa' to the city. 'Addis Ababa' means 'the New Flower' in Amharic language of Ethiopia.