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Jallianwala Bagh

📍 Jallianwala Bagh, PunjabView map ›

🗓 Best Time To Visit:October to March

⏰ Open Hours:6:30 am to 7:30 pm (April to September), 7:00 am to 6:00 pm (October to March)

🎒 Things To Do:Visit the Martyr's Well, Explore the Jallianwala Bagh Museum, Attend the Sound and Light Show

💰 Entry Fees:Free

🧳 Traveller Types:History Buffs, Patriotism Lovers, Family, Solo Travellers

📍 Known For:Historic Site of 1919 Massacre, Martyr's Well, Bullet marks on the walls

🚉 Distances:1.5 km from Amritsar Railway Station, 13 km from Amritsar Airport, 2 km from Golden Temple

👁️ Tips:Carry a water bottle, especially in summers. Photography is allowed, but maintain respect for the place's historical significance.

♿ Accessibility:Wheelchair accessible

🍽️ Nearby Dining Options:Amritsari Kulcha, Punjabi Dhabas, Sweet shops

🏨 Nearby Accommodation:Several hotels and guesthouses available within a 2-3 km radius

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Jallianwala Bagh: A Historical Land That Inspires Patriotism And Respect

Have you ever wondered what it would be like to visit a place where one of the most tragic and heroic events in Indian history took place? A place where thousands of people gathered to peacefully protest against colonial oppression, only to be brutally massacred by the British army? A place where the blood of the martyrs still stains the walls and the well? A place where the flame of liberty still burns bright to honor the freedom fighters and their sacrifice?

If you are curious about such a place, then you should definitely visit Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab, India. Jallianwala Bagh is a public garden and a memorial site of national importance near the Golden Temple complex in Amritsar. It is the place where the Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place on 13 April 1919, when General Dyer ordered his troops to fire at a large crowd of unarmed Indians who had gathered at Jallianwala Bagh to celebrate Baisakhi. The massacre resulted in hundreds of deaths and injuries, and sparked a nationwide outrage and resistance against British rule.

In this article, we will tell you everything you need to know about Jallianwala Bagh, such as its history, significance, attractions, location, timings, entry fee, travel options and tips. We will also share some personal stories and testimonials from survivors or relatives of victims of Jallianwala Bagh massacre to make you feel the emotions and sentiments of the people who witnessed or experienced this tragic event. By the end of this article, you will have a deeper understanding and appreciation of Jallianwala Bagh as a historical and tourist place in Amritsar.

History of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

To understand the history of Jallianwala Bagh massacre, we need to go back to the year 1919, when India was under British colonial rule. The British government had passed the Rowlatt Act, which gave them the power to arrest and detain anyone suspected of sedition or anti-British activities without trial. This act was widely opposed by Indians, who saw it as a violation of their civil rights and liberties. Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of the Indian independence movement, launched a nationwide Satyagraha (non-violent resistance) campaign against the Rowlatt Act. He called for a general strike on 6 April 1919, which was followed by millions of Indians across the country.

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The strike was successful in disrupting the normal functioning of the British administration, but it also provoked violent reactions from some sections of the Indian population. In Amritsar, Punjab, there were clashes between protesters and police, resulting in several deaths and injuries on both sides. The British authorities imposed martial law in Amritsar, banning public gatherings and meetings. They also appointed General Reginald Dyer as the military commander of Amritsar.

On 13 April 1919, which was also Baisakhi (a major festival for Sikhs and Punjabis), thousands of people gathered at Jallianwala Bagh for various reasons. Some were there to protest against the Rowlatt Act and the arrest of two local leaders, Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew and Dr. Satya Pal. Some were there to celebrate Baisakhi and enjoy a fair. Some were there to attend a religious ceremony or visit the nearby Golden Temple. Most of them were unaware of the ban on public gatherings or the presence of British troops in the city.

General Dyer arrived at Jallianwala Bagh with his soldiers around 5 pm. He saw a large crowd of men, women and children inside the garden, which was surrounded by high walls with only one narrow exit. Without giving any warning or asking them to disperse, he ordered his troops to fire at the crowd with rifles and machine guns. The firing lasted for about 10 minutes, until the ammunition ran out. The crowd tried to escape or take cover, but many were trapped or trampled by others. Some jumped into a well inside the garden to avoid being shot.

The exact number of casualties is still disputed, but according to official British records, 379 people were killed and 1,200 were injured. However, according to Indian sources, more than 1,000 people were killed and over 1,500 were injured. The massacre was one of the deadliest and most brutal acts of violence committed by the British in India. It shocked and outraged the entire nation, and turned many Indians against British rule. It also inspired many freedom fighters and revolutionaries to take up arms and fight for independence.

The massacre was condemned by many prominent figures in India and abroad, such as Mahatma Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore, Winston Churchill, etc. A commission of inquiry was set up by the British government to investigate the incident, known as the Hunter Commission. The commission found General Dyer guilty of a “grave error of judgement” and relieved him of his command. However, he was not prosecuted or punished for his actions. He was hailed as a hero by some sections of the British public and media, who raised a large fund for his retirement. He died in 1927 in England.

One of the most famous acts of revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre was carried out by Udham Singh, a young revolutionary who had witnessed the massacre as a child. He vowed to kill General Dyer and other British officials responsible for the massacre. He travelled to London and assassinated Michael O’Dwyer, the former governor of Punjab who had endorsed Dyer’s actions, in 1940. He was arrested, tried and hanged for his crime. He is regarded as a martyr and a hero by many Indians.

Before you plan a visit to Jallianwala Bagh, you may want to know more about the the haunting tales of colonial atrocity.

Jallianwala Bagh Memorial

In 1951, the government of India established a memorial at Jallianwala Bagh to honor the martyrs and the freedom struggle. The memorial was designed by American architect Benjamin Polk, and inaugurated by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first president of India, in 1961. The memorial consists of several structures and exhibits that commemorate the victims and the incident.

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Some of the things that visitors can see at Jallianwala Bagh memorial are:

Bullet marks on walls: The walls of Jallianwala Bagh still bear the bullet marks left by the British troops during the massacre. These bullet marks are preserved as a reminder of the horror and cruelty that took place at Jallianwala Bagh.

Martyr’s Well: The well inside Jallianwala Bagh is where many people jumped or fell to escape from the firing. According to some estimates, more than 120 bodies were recovered from the well after the massacre. The well is now covered with a mesh and a plaque that reads “Shaheedan Da Khoo” (The Well of Martyrs).

Flame Of Liberty statue: The Flame Of Liberty statue is a 30-feet high bronze sculpture that depicts a man holding a torch aloft. It symbolizes the spirit of freedom and resistance that ignited after the massacre. The statue was sculpted by Ram Sutar, a renowned Indian artist, and installed in 2006.

Amar Jawan Stambha (Eternal Flame Pillar): The Amar Jawan Stambha is a 45-feet high stainless steel pillar that has an eternal flame burning at its top. It represents the sacrifice and courage of the martyrs who laid down their lives for the nation. The pillar was erected in 2009.

Martyr’s Gallery museum: The Martyr’s Gallery museum is a small museum that displays photographs, paintings, documents, artifacts and audio-visuals related to Jallianwala Bagh massacre and its aftermath. It also has a wall with names of all the identified victims of the massacre.

Sound and light show: The sound and light show is a nightly show that narrates the story of Jallianwala Bagh massacre using lights, sounds and special effects. It recreates the scene of the massacre and its impact on Indian history and culture.

How to Reach Jallianwala Bagh

Jallianwala Bagh is located near the Golden Temple road in Amritsar, Punjab, India. It is easily accessible from various places in Amritsar and nearby cities by different modes of transport such as bus, train, taxi etc.

Here are some details on how to reach Jallianwala Bagh from different points in Amritsar and nearby cities:

From Amritsar railway station:

Jallianwala Bagh is about 2 km away from Amritsar railway station. You can take an auto-rickshaw or a cycle-rickshaw from outside the station to reach Jallianwala Bagh in about 10 minutes. The fare is around Rs 50-100.

From Amritsar airport:

Jallianwala Bagh is about 13 km away from Amritsar airport. You can take a taxi or an Ola/Uber cab from outside the airport to reach Jallianwala Bagh in about 30 minutes. The fare is around Rs 300-500.

From Delhi:

Jallianwala Bagh is about 450 km away from Delhi. You can take a train or a bus from Delhi to Amritsar, which takes about 6-8 hours. The train fare is around Rs 500-1000, and the bus fare is around Rs 700-1200.

You can also take a flight from Delhi to Amritsar, which takes about an hour. The flight fare is around Rs 2000-4000. From Amritsar railway station or airport, you can follow the same directions as mentioned above to reach Jallianwala Bagh.

From Chandigarh:

Jallianwala Bagh is about 230 km away from Chandigarh. You can take a train or a bus from Chandigarh to Amritsar, which takes about 4-5 hours. The train fare is around Rs 300-600, and the bus fare is around Rs 400-800. You can also take a taxi or an Ola/Uber cab from Chandigarh to Amritsar, which takes about 3-4 hours.

The taxi fare is around Rs 3000-4000. From Amritsar railway station or airport, you can follow the same directions as mentioned above to reach Jallianwala Bagh.

You may also like to give it a read: A century of a catastrophe but still no apology

Best Time to Visit Jallianwala Bagh

The best time to visit Jallianwala Bagh depends on the weather conditions and festivals in Amritsar. Here are some factors to consider while planning your visit to Jallianwala Bagh:


Amritsar has a semi-arid climate, with hot summers and cold winters. The average temperature ranges from 5°C in January to 34°C in June. The monsoon season lasts from July to September, bringing moderate rainfall and humidity. The best time to visit Jallianwala Bagh in terms of weather is from October to March, when the climate is pleasant and comfortable for sightseeing.


Amritsar is a city of festivals, and Jallianwala Bagh is a place of significance for many of them. Some of the festivals and events that take place at or near Jallianwala Bagh throughout the year are:

Baisakhi: Baisakhi is the harvest festival and the new year for Sikhs and Punjabis, celebrated on 13 or 14 April every year. It is also the anniversary of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, and a day of remembrance and tribute for the martyrs. On this day, thousands of people visit Jallianwala Bagh to pay their respects and offer prayers. There are also cultural programs and performances at Jallianwala Bagh and nearby venues.

Guru Nanak Jayanti: Guru Nanak Jayanti is the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, celebrated on the full moon day of Kartik month (usually in November). It is one of the most important festivals for Sikhs, who visit the Golden Temple and other gurudwaras in Amritsar to offer prayers and participate in processions and langars (community meals). Jallianwala Bagh is also visited by many devotees on this day, as it is close to the Golden Temple.

Diwali: Diwali is the festival of lights, celebrated on the new moon day of Kartik month (usually in October or November). It is one of the most popular festivals in India, celebrated by Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists alike. It marks the victory of good over evil, light over darkness, and knowledge over ignorance. On this day, people decorate their homes and streets with lamps, candles, and fireworks. They also exchange gifts and sweets with their friends and family. Jallianwala Bagh is also illuminated with lights and candles on this day, creating a beautiful sight for visitors.

Republic Day: Republic Day is the national day of India, celebrated on 26 January every year. It marks the date when India adopted its constitution in 1950, becoming a sovereign democratic republic. On this day, there are flag hoisting ceremonies, parades, cultural programs and patriotic speeches across the country. At Jallianwala Bagh, there is a special ceremony where the president of India pays homage to the martyrs and lays a wreath at the Flame Of Liberty statue.

Independence Day: Independence Day is another national day of India, celebrated on 15 August every year. It marks the date when India gained its independence from British rule in 1947, after a long struggle led by Mahatma Gandhi and other freedom fighters.

On this day, there are flag hoisting ceremonies, cultural programs and patriotic speeches across the country. At Jallianwala Bagh, there is a special ceremony where the prime minister of India pays homage to the martyrs and lays a wreath at the Flame Of Liberty statue.

Visiting Jallianwala Bagh during these festivals and events can add to the cultural and historical value of the place, and make you feel the emotions and sentiments of the people who celebrate or commemorate these occasions. You can also enjoy some special attractions and activities that take place at Jallianwala Bagh and nearby venues during these festivals and events, such as music, dance, drama, poetry, art, food, etc.

Tips for Visiting Jallianwala Bagh

To make the most of your visit to Jallianwala Bagh, here are some useful tips and suggestions for you:

1. Carry a water bottle and wear comfortable shoes, as you will have to walk a lot inside and outside Jallianwala Bagh.

2. Respect the sanctity and solemnity of Jallianwala Bagh, as it is a place of reverence and remembrance for many Indians. Do not litter, make noise, or take selfies at inappropriate places.

3. Visit the Martyr’s Gallery museum to learn more about the history and significance of Jallianwala Bagh massacre and its aftermath. You can also watch the sound and light show to get a vivid and realistic impression of the incident.

Places of Attraction Near Jallianwala Bagh

Visit the other places near Jallianwala Bagh that are related to its history, culture, or significance. Some of these places are:

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The Golden Temple:

The Golden Temple is the holiest shrine of Sikhism, located just a few minutes away from Jallianwala Bagh. It is a stunning architectural marvel that attracts millions of pilgrims and tourists every year. It is also a symbol of peace, harmony, and service, as it welcomes people of all faiths and backgrounds. You can visit the Golden Temple to admire its beauty, offer prayers, listen to hymns, or partake in langar.

The Partition Museum:

The Partition Museum is a museum dedicated to the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, which resulted in one of the largest migrations and massacres in human history. It is located near the Town Hall in Amritsar, about 1 km away from Jallianwala Bagh. It displays photographs, documents, artifacts, oral histories, and audio-visuals that narrate the stories of partition survivors and victims. You can visit the Partition Museum to learn about the causes, consequences, and impact of partition on India and its people.

The Wagah Border:

The Wagah Border is the border between India and Pakistan, located about 30 km away from Amritsar. It is famous for its daily flag-lowering ceremony that takes place at sunset. The ceremony involves a display of military drill and patriotic fervor by both sides. It attracts thousands of spectators from both countries who cheer for their respective nations. You can visit the Wagah Border to witness this unique spectacle of rivalry and camaraderie.

We hope this article has given you a comprehensive and insightful guide on Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar. Jallianwala Bagh is not just a historical land, but also a source of inspiration and respect for many Indians. It reminds us of the sacrifices and struggles of our ancestors who fought for our freedom and dignity. It also motivates us to uphold the values and ideals that they stood for.

So, what are you waiting for? Visit Jallianwala Bagh today and experience its history, significance, and attractions for yourself. You will not regret it!

Jallianwala Bagh Reviews

Well, everyone knows the history. Yet, let’s revisit it. Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar is the site of one of the biggest tragedies in Indian history. On April 13, 1919, this park, spread across 7 acres, saw about 2,000 Indians indiscriminately shot dead at the hands of British soldiers lead by General O’Dyer. This incident is known as the Jallianwala Bagh massacre or the Amritsar massacre. Historical records tell that on the fateful day of the Punjabi harvest festival of Baisakhi, 15,000 to 20,000 people had gathered to celebrate. Apart from this, some people had also come together to hold a peaceful demonstration against the repressive Rowlatt Act that provided for stricter control of the press, arrests without warrant and indefinite detention without trial. The British got wind of it and surrounded the park armed with rifles. Then, on General O’Dyer’s orders, shots were fired indiscriminately over men, women and children. The wall near the end of the park still holds the marks of around 36 bullets. After the shooting, several dead bodies had to be taken out of the well which people jumped into to avoid being shot. A memorial is built here to commemorate the 2,000 Indians who were killed or wounded. The story of this appalling massacre is told in the Martyr’s Gallery at the site. The incident was instrumental in changing the course of the Indian freedom struggle. It fueled anger among people, leading to the Non-cooperation Movement of 1920-22. After the incident, Mahatma Gandhi declared, “The impossible men of India shall rise and liberate their motherland.” “This disproportionate severity of punishment inflicted upon the unfortunate people and method of carrying it out is without parallel in the history of civilised govt.” wrote Rabindranath Tagore, a noble laureate, while returning his knighthood to the British. I believe it is a must-visit site while going to Amritsar. Wagha Border
Right after the holy shrine, I was steered towards the Jallian Wala Bagh which was walking distance. On the way there, I was told that it is a historical monument that tells the sad story of mass killing during the independence movement in India. Jalianwallah Bagh is another must visit in Amritsar. The memorial of the martyrs of the 1919 massacre by British General Dyer, it presently also has a park and the Martyr’s Gallery which I visited and came across an amazing collection which narrated stories of the freedom movement. As the day progressed further, it was nearing lunch hours and I decided to head to the original market area near the Golden Temple area for an athuentic lunch menu. The market is predominantly influenced by cultural and religious items, but very close competition being given by the restaurants which are each better than the other. If one does not eat an 'Amritsari Kulcha' in Amritsar, the visit is incomplete by all means. After eating to my heart's content, maybe even more than my stomach would permit normally, I decided to scout my route around Amritsar for the rest of the day.
After freshn up we start our Amritsar trip wih golden temple after that we were go to see jallianwala Bagh (It is a public garden of 6 to 7 acres, walled on all sides, with five entrances) Both places are nearby you can walk from one place to other it hardly take 5 min. On 13 April 1919, that was the day of Baisakhi, Dyre bring Sikh, Gurkha, Baluchi, Rajput troops from 2-9th Gurkhas, the 54th Sikhs and the 59th Sind Rifles at the bagh and On the instruction of Dyre they entered the garden, blocking the main entrance after them and fired on the crowd for about ten minutes.Around more than 1,500 injured, with approximately 1,000 dead. When we listen this we can't imagine the situation of people who were trapped and murdered by Dyre. When we rach their we saw bullet mark on wall and heartfelt sorrow but we feel proud as well because after that much of suffering our freedom fighters never stoped even they motivated themself and take a revange in the form of freedom. We respect them and saute them.
The place is not far from the Golden Temple.. As you close the so called monument today you can so easily feel the massacre which this place is a witness of.. Everything has changed today... MacDonalds, Cafes, Keventer, fancy shops selling handicrafts, clothings in simple words its a boluevard of wants and needs.. As you enter if you are a first time visting this place that narrow lane would set your heart racing... But as you enter the main compund its a different scene...Lush green garden with metalled road which will lead you to various areas of the compund or some evidances which time itself could'nt erase... May be we don't want to elaborate our cries and wailings of this place and rightly so it has been disguised with powerful tools of capitialization... As you enter you forget about the manslaughter, forget about that cries and wailings on that fateful night. As if people here don't want to remember the incident taht occured. But still the wounds on the walls and few walls which still remain reflect evry bit waht we lost that day...
जिसके बाद हम जलियांवाला बाग को देखने को निकल गए । 13 अप्रैल 1 9 1 9 को इस स्थान पे जनरल डायर ने लगभग 1000 निर्दोषों और निहत्थो को मारने का आदेश दिया जिनमें महिलाओं और बच्चे भी थे । आखिरी बार जब मैं उस जगह गया , वह स्थान एक संग्रहालय बन गया है ताकि इसे अधिक पर्यटक अनुकूलित बना सके ।जिस कुआ मे सैकड़ो लोगो ने कूद कर आत्महत्या कर ली(अंग्रेजों के हाथ से मरने से अच्छा है की खुदखुशी कर ले ) उसको एक दीवार से घेर लिया था। एक पार्क इसके चारों ओर बनाया गया था। इस तरह प्रतीत होता है की प्राकृतिक और वास्तविक का अनुभव ख़तम हो गया हो ।
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