My Son Sanctuary is one of the must visit places in Vietnam for the Travelers who are interested in History, Mythology, and drawing parallels between different religions. The sanctuary is a cluster of partially ruined temple relics depicting the influence of Hinduism on Cham people and the craftsmanship of Champa Kingdom.
Mythology of Mount Meru
As per Hindu scriptures, Mount Meru is considered as the center of Universe. It is the abode of 3 Supreme Gods – Brahma (The Creator), Vishnu (The Preserver), and Shiva (Destroyer of Evil and The Transformer). It is also the abode of Devas (Hindu Gods and Demi-Gods).
The sacred mountain is believed to have 7 Higher Lokas (Planes/Worlds) and each of these Lokas are guarded by Supreme Gods.
7th Plane of Existence – Bhooloka – Human Beings Reside with other beings.
6th Plane of Existence – Bhuvarloka – The Realm of the Sun and the planets.
5th Plane of Existence – Suvarloka – Heavenly abode of Lord Indra.
4th Plane of Existence – Maharloka – Abode of Great Sages and Rishis who have attained a greater feat through years of meditation.
3rd Plane of Existence – Janoloka – This is where the souls of unhindered access to material world live.
2nd Plane of Existence – Tapoloka – This world is inhabited by immortal knowledgeable beings.
1st Plane of Existence – Satyaloka – This is where Brahma – Supreme consciousness exists.
Mount Meru is guarded in the 4 natural directions (East, West, North and South) by 4 celestial guardians (Dikpalakas) who defend the world by keeping away the Asuras (Demon/Fallen Gods).
My Son Sanctuary - A Parallel of Mount Meru
Between the 4th and 13th centuries a unique culture which owed its spiritual origins to developed on the coast of contemporary Vietnam. This is illustrated by the series of impressive tower-temples located in the sanctuary of My Son. It was the religious and political capital of the Champa Kingdom for most of its existence.