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Modhera Sun Temple

📍 Modhera Sun Temple, GujaratView map ›

🗓 Best Time To Visit:October to March

⏰ Open Hours:6:00 AM to 6:00 PM, all days

🚁 Distance from Airport:Approximately 102 km from Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport

🚂 Distance from Railway:Approximately 25 km from Mehsana Railway Station

🌇 Known For:Historical significance, architectural brilliance, intricate carvings and the annual dance festival

💰 Entry Fees:Free entry

🎒 Traveller Types:History enthusiasts, photographers, cultural explorers

🎨 Things To Do:Explore the temple architecture, attend the dance festival, photography

📌 Tips:Wear comfortable footwear as you may need to walk around a lot. Also, carrying a hat or umbrella could be beneficial as the area can get quite sunny.

🍽 Nearby Dining Options:Limited, it's advised to carry your own snacks or have a meal before visiting.

🏨 Nearby Accommodation Options:Several options in Mehsana city, approximately 25 km away.

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Modhera Sun Temple: A Splendid Monument of Gujarat’s Glorious Past

Have you ever wondered how ancient people worshipped the sun god? How they built magnificent temples that were perfectly aligned with the sun’s movements? How they expressed their devotion and creativity through intricate sculptures and carvings? If you are curious about these questions, then you should definitely visit the Modhera Sun Temple, one of the most stunning and unique monuments of Gujarat’s glorious past.

The Modhera Sun Temple is a rare example of sun temple architecture in India, built by the Solanki dynasty in the 11th century CE. The temple is dedicated to Surya, the sun god, and is located in Modhera, a small town in Mehsana district of Gujarat. The temple complex consists of three main components: the Ramakund, the Sabha Mandap, and the Garbhagruha, which are arranged in a linear fashion along an east-west axis. The temple is designed to allow the sun rays to illuminate the idol of Surya during the equinoxes, showcasing the Solanki dynasty’s mastery of astronomy and mathematics.

The Modhera Sun Temple is not only a marvel of ancient engineering, but also a masterpiece of artistic expression. The temple is adorned with exquisite sculptures and carvings that depict various Hindu deities, mythological scenes, floral motifs, and geometric patterns. The temple also reflects the cultural and historical significance of the sun god in various civilizations and religions.

In this article, we will explore the architectural features, the new attractions, and the travel tips for visiting the Modhera Sun Temple. We will also provide some insights and information that will make your visit more enjoyable and memorable. So, let’s begin our journey to discover the glory of this ancient monument.

The Architectural Marvel of Modhera Sun Temple

The first thing that will catch your eye when you enter the temple complex is the Ramakund, which is a rectangular stepped tank that contains 108 shrines dedicated to various Hindu deities.

The tank is filled with water that reflects the sky and the temple, creating a serene and surreal atmosphere. The walls and pillars of the tank are decorated with intricate sculptures and carvings that depict Vishnu, Ganesha, Shiva, Parvati, and other gods and goddesses. The tank also serves as a ritual bathing place for pilgrims who visit the temple.

Photo of Modhera Sun Temple 1/2 by
Modhera Sun Temple - (c) Gujarat Tourism

The next component of the temple complex is the Sabha Mandap, which is a pillared hall that serves as a gathering place for devotees. The hall has 52 pillars that represent the 52 weeks of a solar year, each with a unique design and theme. The ceiling of the hall depicts the zodiac signs and their corresponding constellations, while the torana arches at the entrance depict scenes from Hindu epics such as Ramayana and Mahabharata.

The hall also has a lotus-shaped pedestal where an image of Surya used to be placed during festivals and ceremonies.

The final component of the temple complex is the Garbhagruha, which is a sanctum sanctorum that houses an idol of Surya, the sun god. The chamber is designed to allow the sun rays to illuminate the idol during the equinoxes, when the sun is directly above the equator. The idol is made of gold and has seven horses that symbolize the seven days of the week. The walls and niches of the chamber are adorned with sculptures and carvings that depict Surya in various forms and aspects, such as riding a chariot, holding a lotus, or playing a flute.

The Modhera Sun Temple is a remarkable example of how ancient people combined science and art to create a splendid monument that honors their faith and culture. The temple showcases their knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, geometry, engineering, and aesthetics. The temple also reveals their love and respect for nature, as they incorporated natural elements such as water, light, and sound into their design.

The New Attractions of Modhera Sun Temple

If you think that the Modhera Sun Temple is only a historical site that has nothing new to offer, then you are mistaken. In recent years, some new attractions and events have been introduced at the temple that have added more charm and excitement to its appeal. These include:

Photo of Modhera Sun Temple 2/2 by

3-D projection mapping show:

This is a stunning visual spectacle that uses advanced technology to project images and animations on the walls and pillars of the temple. The show was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2021, and showcases the history and culture of Gujarat through various themes and stories. The show lasts for about 15 minutes and is held every evening after sunset.

Heritage lighting:

This is another attraction that enhances the aesthetic appeal and ambiance of the temple at night. The lighting was also inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2021, and creates a magical effect by illuminating the temple’s sculptures and carvings. The lighting also changes colors and patterns according to the seasons and festivals, adding more variety and vibrancy to the temple.

These new attractions have made the Modhera Sun Temple more attractive and popular among tourists and locals alike. They have also added more value and significance to the temple as a cultural and heritage site. They have also made the temple more accessible and enjoyable for people of all ages and backgrounds.

Also check out: An Architectural Masterpiece – Modhera Sun Temple

The Travel Tips for Visiting Modhera Sun Temple

If you are planning to visit the Modhera Sun Temple, then you should keep in mind some practical tips and advice that will make your trip more smooth and hassle-free. These include:

How to reach Modhera:

Modhera is well-connected by road, rail, and air to various cities and towns in Gujarat and India. The nearest city is Ahmedabad, which is about 100 km away from Modhera. You can reach Ahmedabad by flight, train, or bus from any major city in India.

From Ahmedabad, you can take a taxi, a bus, or a train to Modhera. The nearest railway station is Mehsana, which is about 25 km away from Modhera. The nearest airport is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport in Ahmedabad.

Where to stay near Modhera:

There are not many accommodation options available near Modhera, as it is a small town with limited facilities. However, you can find some hotels, resorts, guest houses, and homestays in nearby towns such as Mehsana, Patan, or Siddhpur.

You can also stay in Ahmedabad, which has a wide range of accommodation options for all budgets and preferences. You can book your stay online or offline through various platforms and agents.

When to visit Modhera:

The best time to visit Modhera is during the winter season (October to March), when the weather is pleasant and comfortable. The summer season (April to June) is very hot and dry, while the monsoon season (July to September) is humid and rainy.

The best time of the day to visit Modhera is during the morning (6 am to 10 am) or evening (4 pm to 8 pm), when the sun is not too harsh and the temple looks more beautiful. You should avoid visiting Modhera during the afternoon (10 am to 4 pm), when the sun is at its peak and the temple gets very crowded.

What to do in and around Modhera:

Apart from exploring the temple complex and watching the shows, there are many other things that you can do in and around Modhera.

You can visit some nearby places of interest such as Patan, which is famous for its Rani ki Vav (Queen’s Stepwell), a UNESCO World Heritage Site; Siddhpur, which is known for its Bohra Havelis (mansions) and Bindu Sarovar (lake); or Adalaj Stepwell, which is another architectural marvel with intricate carvings.

You can also enjoy some local cuisine and handicrafts in Modhera or nearby towns. You can also participate in some festivals and events that are held at Modhera throughout the year, such as the Modhera Dance Festival or Kite Festival in January.

Some suggestions and recommendations for making the most of your visit to Modhera are:

- Hire a guide or an audio guide to learn more about the history, architecture, and significance of the temple.

- Carry a camera or a smartphone to capture some amazing photos and videos of the temple.

- Wear comfortable clothes and shoes that are suitable for walking and climbing.

- Carry a hat, sunglasses, sunscreen, water bottle, and snacks to protect yourself from the sun and heat.

- Respect the temple’s rules and regulations, such as removing your shoes before entering the temple, not touching or damaging any sculptures or carvings, not littering or making noise inside the temple, etc.

- Enjoy your visit with an open mind and a curious spirit.

You may also like to read: 5 Facts about Sun Temple of Modhera You Have To Know!

The Modhera Sun Temple is a splendid monument of Gujarat’s glorious past that deserves your attention and admiration. It is a place where you can witness the brilliance of ancient engineering, art, culture, and faith. It is also a place where you can experience some new attractions that add more charm and excitement to its appeal. It is also a place where you can have a memorable time with your family and friends.

If you are looking for a unique and unforgettable experience in Gujarat, then you should definitely visit the Modhera Sun Temple. Book your tickets now and witness the glory of this ancient monument.

Have you ever visited the Modhera Sun Temple? What did you like the most about it? Share your thoughts and experiences with us in the comments section below.

Modhera Sun Temple Reviews

Recently one of our cousins came to spend a couple of days with us and we decided to visit Sun Temple which is at Modhera - about 25kms from Mehsana and102kms from Ahmedabad. I have been born and brought up in Ahmedabad and hence it's one of my favorite cities. It's not for the first time I visited this temple. I did visit when I was in my second or third grade. But as I did not remembered much I decided to see it once again. Well the Sun temple is the temple of the Hindu Sun God built before about almost 900 years ago by the King of Solanki dynasty. Immediately after reaching there we hired a guide who took us to each and every corner of the temple and explained us most of the details which he could and from all the knowledge bank he had. We asked his fees and it was only 150 Rs. So we were glad and immediately agreed to be his students for some time. Also he showed his ID card and hence we were assured that he is worth to be hired. Now in this temple there are no prayers done for the God and now it is under the observation of Archeological survey of India. I am fond of great architectural work and hence this place left me mesmerized. There are beautiful carvings done on the pillars of this temple and on the tomb of the temple. This temple is divided into Surya Kund,Sabha Mandap and Sanctum sanctorum. The tour guide informed us that the idols and carvings were destroyed by Mughals who looted the temple. He also informed us that inside the temple there was idol of Sun God and which had a diamond on its forehead. When suns first rays used to hit this diamond the rays used to reflect the diamond and used to get scattered all the place inside the room of the temple. This idol was even looted by Mughals and no one knows where this idol is now. Inside the temple there are beautiful carvings of different idols which depicts the way to live life and different stages/parts of life including Kamasutra. You can find more details in this link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun_Temple,_Modhera Meanwhile just have a look at these beautiful pics and keep us following until our part two of the trip to Rani Ki Vav ( queen of step wells ) and Adalaj Ki Vav ( A step well in Ahmedabad ).
The Sun Temple built on Tropic of Cancer 23°26′13.5″ North of Equator,the sun is directly overhead on June Solstice , which I guess has some linkage as to why the temple built here ! The two basic architectural styles of temples in India with reference the geographical and cultural influence are Nagara Shaily (North Indian) and Dravidian Shaily (South Indian). Thus, Sun Temple of Modhera falls under Nagara Shaily built by the Sompura families. As we step closer to the Temple, first comes the huge Rama Kund or Surya Kund, rectangular water tank, filled with natural under ground water , surrounded by smaller temples dedicated to Ganesha, Shiva , Sitlamata . There are 108 small temples in the compound , each representing a different god and it also has Half Moonstone in the center of Kund ,moon used as a symbol to ward of negativity. As I proceeded inside the temple, first comes the Sabha Mandap or the Dancing Hall and I enthralled by the architectural design carved inside as well as outside the walls of the temple. Our guide carefully shows us the carvings each depicting a scene from Ramayana , Bhagwat Gita Or other sacred scriptures , some of which we recognize instantly. There were 52 pillars inside , each having its own significance. On one of the pillars the Sun God could be seen with his seven horses , Lord Vishnu with Laxmi etc. Few pillars outside the temple walls also had erotic images, which I am informed form the part of the birth life cycle. The Inner most area or the third part the 'Garbagruha', the sanctum sanctorum housed the Surya Idol carved in gold ,which taken away by Mehmood Ghazni during his raid of Gujarat. After a detailed chapter of history and a brilliant photo-session in the compound , we made our way back to Ahmedabad, enjoying a typical gujarati style lunch in a gujarati dhaaba(restaurant)on the highway which made my day! You can have a Photo Tour of The Sun Temple by clicking on the photo below and enjoy the architecture but to have the yummy gujarati food you will have to plan a visit ???? This post was originally published My Stik Pixels.
The Sun Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the solar deity Surya located at Modhera village of Mehsana district of Gujarat. It was built in 1026-27 AD during the reign of Bhima I of the Chaulukya dynasty. It is built on 23.6° latitude (approximately near Tropic of Cancer) No worship is offered now and is protected monument maintained by Archaeological Survey of India. The entire temple is over whelming in terms of architecture, mathematical alignments, design and the science behind it. It is absolute essential to hire a guide available at the entry point to enjoy the temple. Had availed services of guide named Mr. Vipul Rawal, Ph. : 9924888505 who was extremely knowledgeable. We found many interesting sculptures here. One interesting statue was that of Sun God- who looks like an Egyptian Pharaoh. Wonder if there was actually a much free and open society and flow of knowledge from India to countries and Egypt and vice versa.
It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati, 25 km from Mehsana and 102 km from Ahmedabad. It was built in 1026 AD by King Bhimdev of the Solanki dynasty. In the present times, prayers are not offered in this temple. This temple is now under the supervision of Archaeological Survey of India. According to these Puranas, Lord Rama, after defeating Ravana, asked sage Vasistha to show him a place of pilgrimage where he could go and purify himself from the sin of Brahma-hatya (the sin of killing a Brahmin, because Ravana was a Brahmin by birth). Sage Vasistha showed him Dharmaranya, which was near the modern town of Modhera. In the Dharmaranya, he settled at a village Modherak and performed a yagna there. Thereafter he established a village and named it Sitapur. This village is about 15 km from Becharaji Modherak village and it subsequently came to be known as Modhera.
Modhera My cousin had recommended the Sun Temple of Modhera to watch sunrise, and a perfect place for a morning date. We left around 3.30 am to arrive just in time for the sunrise. It is about a couple of hours drive one way. With just a few tourists around (other than us), we got a guide, who gave us complete attention, and talked about this architectural wonder. The amount of detailing that has gone into creating these structures, with no technology being available to those who had constructed it, is simply marvelous. What is also amazing is how mythology and science are weaved into every part of this structure. Makes you wonder like mythology and science are in union, teaching you the same things - just using different nomenclature.
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