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Victory Column (Siegessaule)

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The Victory Column is a monument in Berlin, Germany. Designed by Heinrich Strack. It is one of the best symbols of Berlin. It is known as "Golden Lizzie" in Berlin slang. The reason for its being built was Prussia’s victory in the German-Danish war in 1864. The 8.3 metre high bronze sculpture weighing 35 tonnes, which was created by Friedrich Drake, represents Victoria wearing a helmet and holding a laurel wreath in one hand and, in the other, a staff bearing an iron cross. The victory goddess Victoria from Roman mythology is analogous to the Greek equivalent of Nike. Her eagle helmet also lets Victoria appear as Borussia, the female personification of Prussia. The 285 steps of the spiral staircase inside the Victory Column don't lead to the spindle and a hundred years of slumber, you will however need to be rather determined and fit to climb the tapering staircase. The base is decorated with large bronze reliefs that depict scenes from the wars. The colonnade above the base is decorated with a mosaic frieze created by Anton von Werner. It depicts the Liberation Wars and subsequent unification of Germany in 1871. The statue represents the Goddess of Victory, but Berliners affectionately call her Goldelse.