Once the largest scheduled tribe in the former undivided state of UP, is now mostly a resident of Khatima and Sitarganj areas. Some researchers trace them back to Rajput communities, while others believe that they are decendents of Mongols from Central Asia. The Tharus believe in 36 gods, witchcraft, sorcery and sacrifice. And while they are primarily an agricultural community, they are also excellent in fi shing. One of the local traditions however forbids women from eating fish that has been touched by men, hence women fish separately.