Though the capital of Poland moved to Warsaw more than 400 years ago, Krakow on the banks of river Vistula still remains the cultural, artistic and historic centre of Poland. There are beautiful churches, amazing restaurants, grand architecture, Jewish heritage and museums across the city. Among the first 12 UNESCO World Heritage Sites there are two from Krakow - Wieliczka Salt Mine and Krakow's Historic Center. During the World War II, the Jewish population was segregated into the walled area known as the Krakow Ghetto, from where they were sent to nearby Nazi extermination camps at Auschwitz. German businessman and industrialist Oskar Schindler employed thousands of Jewish people from the Ghetto in his enamelware factory and eventually saving lives of around 1200 Jews.