Mehtab Bagh is planned according to the famous Mughal garden-craft invented by Babur. After the Battle of Panipat, when Babur came to Agra to settle here, he was annoyed by the heat and dust and lack of water. He complained that there was no pretty garden in Agra, like the ones he had established in Samarqand and Kabul. He needed something in Agra to remind him of his distant home in Timur Lang's (Tamerlane) Samarqand. So he started building 'baghs' or gardens which will later go down in history as the finest examples of Mughal style of gardening. The names of the gardens which Babur founded on both sides of River Jamuna sound magical (and what's more, their original sites still scatter around Agra): Bagh-i-zar afshan ('the gold-scattering garden'; present Chauburj), Bagh-i-hasht-bihisht (the garden of eight paradises), Bagh-i-gul afshan ('the flower-scattering garden'; present ram-bagh)
The typical features of these gardens are pools, fountains, corridors between rectangular patches of green and perfect symmetry. Everything here is trimmed and shaped. These gardens largely follow the style of medieval Persian gardens.
Mehtab Bagh fits this design to a T. It has beautifully trimmed alleyways between rows of low shrubs. If you stand at one end of an alley, the other end will offer you a full view of the Taj Mahal.