Cave craving at Bhimbetka

Tripoto
15th Sep 2014
Photo of by Sagnik Basu
Photo of by Sagnik Basu
Photo of by Sagnik Basu

The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka are in the foothills of the southern edge of the central Indian plateau. Within huge sandstone outcrops, above a thick forest, lie the clusters of natural rock shelters, displaying paintinThe Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka are in the foothills of the southern edge of the central Indian plateau. Within huge sandstone outcrops, above a thick forest, lie the clusters of natural rock shelters, displaying paintings from the Mesolithic Period right till the historical period. The cultural traditions of the inhabitants of the livelihood adjacent to the location bear a strong likeness to those represented in the rock paintings. Coordinated just below the Vindhyan Mountains, Bhimbetka reflects history of interaction between people and the landscape. It is linked with a hunting and gathering economy, as demonstrated in the rock art and in the relicts of this tradition in the local adivasi villages on the periphery of the site. The nominated Bhimbetka rock shelters site lies within an area of massively sculpted sandstone rock formations.

Photo of Cave craving at Bhimbetka 1/1 by Sagnik Basu

The cover of the thick forest protected these rocks painting from being lost to the whims of nature. Executed mainly in red and white the scenes are depicting hunting, horse and elephant riders, animal fights, honey collection, decoration of bodies, disguises, masks and different type of animals etc. It depicts the aspect of social life throughout the long period of time, when man used to recurrent these rock shelters. Animals such as bison, tiger, rhinoceros, wild boar, elephants, antelopes, lizards, peacocks etc. have been richly depicted in the shelters. Prevalent religious and ritual symbols also arise frequently. The colors used by the cave inhabitants were prepared by combining manganese, hematite, red stone and wooden charcoal. Perhaps, animal fat and extracts of leaves were also used in the mixture.