Did you know that you had to have your passport stamped and obtain a Visa to enter Goa prior to 1961? Let me fill you in on that story and show you how those places look today
Got your Goan Visa?
Until the late 50's the only way to enter Portugese controlled Goa was to board a train to Belgaum (From Bangalore or Bombay). The board a bus to Karwar to stop over the night there in the 2 hotels that were present then. The next morning after breakfast in Karwar, one would leave towards the checkpost at Loliem-Polem on the Goa border across Majali in Karnataka. This is the place a European would look at your documentation to enter Goa
An article in 'The Scroll' quotes and describes that the Visa/Passport process in Goa started after 1953.
"From October 1953, all Portuguese European officials were required to possess permits or visas to enter Indian territory; and in February 1954, this rule was extended to Portuguese officials of Indian origin. On July 31, 1954, Portugal announced that all Indian citizens entering its territories would have to possess a passport or an equivalent document, stamped with a visa from the Portuguese consular authority. India promptly made it mandatory for Portuguese citizens from the colonies who were entering the country to have permits from the Indian Consulate General in Panjim. Those proposing to enter India on Portuguese passports needed Indian visas, and had to be registered at the nearest Foreigners Registration Office before getting residential permits"
Goa had a couple of other checkposts too, but those checkposts at Pernem and Caranzol-Collem stretches were opened much later. The checkpost that has been written about has been the one in Loliem-Polem
I had a chance to visit these villages of Loliem and Polem, in the extreme South of Goa and I found some interesting notes about the places.
1) Loliem was a village of mettalurgical artisans who made idols for temples, in the Banavasi kingdom of the Kadamba dynasty. Loliem is a Portugese shortened word of an expanded 'Loha-Halli' (Village of Mettallurgical artisans). Loliem is a village that lies on the fringes of the Cotigao wildlife reserve with a single long curvy road connecting the town to the new civilisation in the NH66 Highway connecting Karwar and Chaudi.