Photo credits: Rupa and Razi Abdi
Amalaka: A truncated elleptical and fluted crown in Hindu and Buddhist shikharas resembling and Amalaka (amla, gooseberry) fruit.
Bhaumakaras: In the first, half, of the eighth century A. D. a dynasty called Bhauma or Kar (also known as Bhaumakara) established its rule over the coastal belt of Odisha. The capital of this dynasty, called Guhadevapataka or Guhesvarapataka was situated near modern Jajpur town of the Jajpur district.
Chaitya :a Buddhist temple or prayer hall with a stupa at one end
Relic: In religion, a relic usually consists of the physical remains of a saint or the personal effects of the saint or venerated person preserved for purposes of veneration as a tangible memorial.
Stupa: A type of Chaitya containing Buddhist relics or holy objects such as Lord Buddha's mortal remains.
All three sites, i.e. Lalitagiri, Ratnagiri and Udaygiri are located 90 kms from Bhubaneshwar and 60 kms North East of Cuttack.
If you start from Budhneshwar after an early breakfast you will have enough time to cover all the three sites. We started after lunch and could not cover the third Buddist site of Udayagiri.
The museum at Ratnagiri is open from 10am to 5pm, and closed on Fridays. We were there on Friday and could not visit it.
Chanda R. 1998. Memoirs of the archaeological survey of India no.44: Exploration in Orissa, ASI, New Delhi
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