The Southern group of Khajuraho temples consists of mainly two temples, the Dhuladeo temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, and the Chaturbhuj temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The southern groups of temples are situated 5 km away from Khajuraho village. As compared to the temples of two other groups, the temples of this group lacks the sculptural refinement and excellence. The Dhuladeo temple, located south of the Jain group of temples, was constructed years after the other temples. The Chaturbhuja temple, located much further south, is in a dilapidated condition but has a finely rendered 9 ft high idol of Vishnu.
The researchers and scholars have explained eroticism in these temples in their own way and many recognition are given. As per Vidya Dehejia, a professor of South Asian Art at Columbia University, "These sculptures depict the rites of the Kaula and Kapalika sects. These sects believed that only those who can resist the sensual temptations can achieve salvation. To realise whether one can rise above such temptations, one had to experience them while remaining unaffected. Thus, these sects provided a theological excuse for the over-indulgent Chandela rulers to engage in the most debased practices".
Fred Kleiner, a professor of art and architecture at Columbia University, believes these sculptures symbolise "fertility and propagation of life and serve as auspicious protectors" of the sacred temple.
Margaret Prosser Allen, a University of Delaware academic, mentions that the erotic sculptures depict the aim of human life: the union with the universal being. This depiction is based on the belief that the universe is a result of the "cosmic union of male and female elements."
Whatsoever is said by the scholars in relation to these temples but one thing is for sure that if stones could speak, the temples of Khajuraho would be creating melodies.