After breakfast, head to the Kangla Fort – the ancient capital and seat of power for Manipur’s kings. When it finally fell to the British in late nineteenth century, it was converted into a cantonment and many of its monuments destroyed. After Indian independence and up until 2004 it served as the barracks of the Assam Rifles. Today the Kangla Fort is a beautiful ode to the Ningthouja dynasty and stands as the state’s most important historical and archaeological site, covering a little over 237 acres against its one-time area of one square mile. Make sure you keep a couple of hours to do reasonable justice to this sacred heart of Manipur. Apart from the ancestral royal palace, burial sites, areas of worship, shrines and moats you should not miss the Nungjeng Pukhri Achouba, a pond believed to be the abode of Lord Pakhangpa, the supreme deity of Manipur; the restored Kangla Shan and Uttara as well as Shri Govindaji Temple; the Nunggoibi site where enemy heads were buried; the Citadel - a fort-like structure deep inside Kangla and the last defensive wall of the Fort; as well as Manung Kangjeibung, a polo ground. Unknown to many, the modern game of polo is derived from Manipur, India, where the game was known as 'Sagol Kangjei', 'Kanjai-bazee', or 'Pulu'. The anglicized form of ‘Pulu’, in reference to the wooden ball that was used, was adopted as its name. The Imphal Polo Ground, outside the Fort is considered the oldest modern polo ground in the world.