In Hindu culture, the cow also known as Gau. The shape of the reservoir resembles the shape of cow’s face. So popularly known as Gaumukh (Gau – Cow: Mukh – Face). This place has a spectacular view comprising of sky, hill, city, fort and Gaumukh Reservoir.
Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan is uniquely famous for its Gaumukh Reservoir in Chittorgarh Fort. The vivid fact about this place is how a massive amount of water enters the reservoir after passing through a long, thin strip made on the mountains that encircles the fort's vicinity. The reservoir is also a source of underground spring water.
A small Shivling & goddess Lakshmi lie just below the stream of water falling from Gaumukh. This reservoir is probably still a primary source of water for the fort, as was during ancient times and Rani of Chittorgarh practiced "Sati".
This is the perfect spot to take a full panorama picture of Chittorgarh city along with Chittorgarh fort. Gaumukh, always full of water all around the year and still, it’s not exactly known that from where this water comes continuously. So it never disappoints its visitor.
15. Jauhar Kund
In the early days, Rajput's had a strong tradition of self-immolation by women to void culture, enslavement and rape by invaders on facing defeat in wars. The first Jauhar, performed in the 1303 AD, when Ala-ud-din-khilji, the Muslim Sultan of Delhi besieged Chittorgarh Fort, which was under the control of Rana Rawal Ratan Singh. After defeating Rana Rawal Ratan Singh in the battle, Ala-ud-din-khilji want to take Rani Padmini. But Rani Padmini denies to go and she performed Jauhar along with 16000 women.
The second Jauhar, performed on 8th March 1535. When Bahadur Shah of Gujarat attacked the Chittorgarh Fort then there was no ruling king as Rana Sanga died in 1528 CE after the Battle of Khanwa.
The third Jauhar, performed in September 1567, when Akbar attacked the Chittorgarh Fort. Rana Udai Singh changed the strategy and he along with his sons and royal women left the fort through a secret route.
The Chittor Fort or Chittorgarh is one of the largest forts in India. It, along with the Kumbhalgarh Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort was the capital of Mewar and is located in the present-day town of Chittor.
Did this blog immerse you into the rich history and heritage of the Rajputana culture? Did it light a candle of fascination in your hearts? If you have visited the Chittorgarh Fort, share your experience at the Chittorgarh Fort in the comments below.
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