f. Salher Fort : Situated in Dolhari range of Nashik, it is one of the highest forts in the Sahyadri range. The 1672 battle between the Marathas and Mughals was fought at Salher.
g. Mulher Fort : It is considered to be a symbol of victory as it was instrumental in ending the third Maratha war when Mulher surrendered. This hill fort in Nashik is bordered by Mora to the east and Hatgad to the west.
h. Rangana Fort : It is situated 112 km from Kolhapur. This fort lies at the border of Kolhapur and Sindhudurg. During the Deccan campaign, Aurangzeb tried to capture this fort, along with Bhudargad and Samangad, but failed.
i. Ankai Tankai Fort : These are two separate forts built on adjacent hills with a common fortification wall. The Ankai and Tankai are located in the Nashik district.
j. Kasa Fort : Also known as Padmadurg fort, it is built on a rocky island off the coast of Murud, and once offered a base for naval military forces.
k. Sindhudurg : A sea fort, it is considered to be a masterpiece in military defense and was built by Shivaji in 1668.
l. Alibag Fort : It was chosen as one of the forts to be exhibited as a naval base by Shivaji. It is popularly known as Kulaba Fort.
m. Suvarnadurg : This is an island fort which was repaired and reinforced by Shivaji in 1660.
n. Khanderi Fort : This is a site of significance as it witnessed many battles between Shivaji’s forces and the naval force of the Siddhis. The fort was built in 1679 but officially named Kanhoji Angre Island in 1998. It is located 20 km south of Mumbai.
“A thematic study of military architecture in the Indian subcontinent is vital to recognize the range of typology and identify the model cases that may qualify for the World Heritage nominations” as mentioned by UNESCO. Among these 14 nos. forts, Raigad, Shivneri, Lohagad, Padmadurg, Vijaydurg, Sindhudurg and Alibag are centrally protected monuments by Mumbai Circle of the Archaeological Survey of India. The forts at Rajagad, Torna, Salher, Ankai, Rangna, Khanderi are protected by the Directorate of Archaeology, Government of Maharashtra.
As this is not a single site/area, I am not mentioning here how to reach and accommodation part. This will be covered in a separate article where all these 14 nos. forts will be elaborately described.