Baba Dham... 

Photo of Baba Dham... by Sampa Howlader

"It is faith that brings millions of devotees from different states of India to Baba Dham. Faith invigorates us and makes us invincible. It gives us immense strength to vanquish the evils of our life. It is the beam of light that guides us to walk smoothly through darkness."

It is one of the 12 jyotirlinga of India and one of the Shakti peeth. It is one of the sacred places where jyotirlinga and shaktipeeth are housed together. It is located in Deoghar in the state of Jharkhand, India. It is predominant pilgrim site of Deoghar which drags devotees in hordes throughout the year.

In Matsyapuran, Baba Dham is mentioned as “ArogyaBaidyanathitee”. It is the holy place where maaParvati assists Lord Shiva for treatment of people suffering from incurable diseases. Lord Shiva is presumed as doctor or healer who can heal up every injury. So, many frail devotees come here for betterment of their health.

Inside the temple complex, there is the temple of mother Parvathi, wife of Lord Shiva. The spire of both the temples, Baba Baidyanath and mother Parvati, are tied together with red sacred threads. This symbolizes the strong bonding of eternal love and the unity of Shiva and Shakti.

Climbing the spire to tie the red threads is worth watching. The stories regarding Baba Dham in Shiv Purana narrates that the temple resembles the “unity of Soul”. And thus the temple is considered very sacred for Hindu marriages.

Shrawanmela at Deoghar is the longest Mela of the Asia. The Mela is organized at the month of Shrawan and has a special religious significance. Shrawan is the fourth month according to Hindu calendar and is the most auspicious month of the year for worshipping Lord Shiva. Millions of devotees across India come in Shrawan month for Baidyanath Darshan. They bring holy Ganga water from the Ganges to offer Lord Shiva in bare foot wearing saffron or red clothes.


The temple is sprawling in large area. The temple compound comprises the main Baba Bidyanath temple and other 21 temples.There are three entrances in the temple. The temple is east facing.

There is a well at northern fringe near one of the entrance. The water of the well is considered very holy. The devotees who couldn’t bring water from Ganges, they can use this holy water to offer the Lord Shiva.

The spire of the Baidyanath Temple is a pyramidal Shikhara. At the top of the shikhara, there are three gold vessels set together which were donated by the Maharaja of Giddhaur. There are also 05 knives in trident shape. There is Chandrakanta Mani at the inner top, an eight petal lotus jewel.

The temple premise is filled with Pandas, the ritual performer at sacred places. To guide devotees and to perform pujas, devotees can seek Panada’s help.

The temple opens at 4am in the morning. From 4am-5.30am, the head priest performs Shodashopachar and he pours water upon the lingam. After this, devotees are allowed to worship lingam and pour water, flowers, Bilva leaves upon the lingam. The puja ritual continues till 3.30pm and then the temple is closed. It doors reopens again for the devotees at 6pm in the evening and Shringar puja is performed. And in normal days it finally closes at 9pm.

How to reach

By Air:The nearest airport is LokNayakJayaprakash Airport, Patna, located approximately 270 km away from Deoghar.

By Train: There are two railway stations to reach Deoghar. One is Baidyanathdham (BDME) and the other is Deoghar (DGHR) which is connected with maximum states of India.

By Road:Deoghar is well connected with major states like Kolkata, Patna and Ranchi.

Tour Itinerary

Day 01- Start your morning by offering puja on Baba Dham. Then visit Naulakha Temple. After lunch visit Satsanga Ashram. Rest is your leisure time.

Day 02- After breakfast start your journey for Trikut pahar. After enrouting Trikut Pahar, proceed for Tapovan Hill. Evening is your leisure time.