Matrikas are a group of mother goddesses who are always depicting together in Hinduism.When depicted in a group of seven, they are called “Saptamatrikas” while in a group of eight they are called “Ashtamatrikas”.This is the sculpture of “Ashtamatrikas” which belongs to the Pratihara Dynasty.Let’s have a glance on the features of these Matrikas.
The name “Yami” comes from “Yama” aka “The god of death”.The relation between Yama and Yami is controversial.Some folklores say that they were twins and Yami fell in love with Yama.She proposed him but he refused.This conversation is depicted in the 10th verse of the 10th Mandala in the Rigveda. While , some folklores say that they married to each other but did not have any sexual relations. One can recognize “Yami” with a “Danda” or stick in hand.
The goddess Brahmani has similar features as “Brahma”.She holds a Kamandalu (water pot), lotus stalk or a book.Sometimes she is also seen holding a rosary or noose.She is often distinguished by her basket shaped crown called “Karanda mukuta”.
Being the wife of Lord Shiva, Shivani is often seen with a “Damru”, trident and “panapatra”(Drinking vessel). She is also known as Parvati.
Kaumari is usually seen holding a spear,an axe,a tanka(silver coin) and bow.One can also recognize her by a cylindrical crown she wear.