It’s the main square of the city dotted with architectural showpieces, pagoda style temples with elaborate carvings, palaces and courtyards.The Golden Gate (Lu Dhowka) is a dainty piece of art embellished with the figures of Hindu goddess Kali, Garuda and other deities that dates back to 1756 AD and is considered one of the most beautiful molded specimens in the world. Right in front of it is the Statue of King Bhupatindra Malla placed on the top of a stone monolith facing the palace. The Palace of 55 windows, build in 1427 AD is a fascinating structure made up of brick wall with a balcony having intricately carved 55 windows. The Lion Gate has two lion statues as guards with stone images of Bhairab and Ugrachandi (aspects of Shiva). The Golden Gate is the entry to Taleju Temple Complex and the royal bath pond. However, only Hindus are allowed to enter the Taleju Temple. The National Art Gallery houses the ancient Hindu and Buddhist paintings and scrolls from different periods and is closed on Tuesdays. The Vatsala Temple is a marvelous stone temple of goddess Vatsala Devi. It is famous for its bronze bell or The Big Bell built by last Malla King also known as ‘the bell of barking dogs’ because the dogs bark to its ring. It is rung twice a day everyday so as to pay homage to the goddess Taleju. There is also a replica of Pashupati Temple (of Kathmandu) known as Yaksheswor Mahadev Temple with erotic carvings on its wooden struts.
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