Mahabalipuram is one such epitome of classical antiquity in Indian history. This port city is renowned for its elegant architecture and carvings dates back to 7th and 8th century of Pallava dynasty. This ancient town once stood as the chief ports of southern India, which had trade relation with several countries. Mahabalipuram is situated on the shores of Bay of Bengal in Coramendal coast, which is 60km away from Chennai. Since ages it has been most visited seaport but, today it stood as the most eminent tourist spot due to its historical prevalence. The magnificent monuments, splendid temples and astonishing rock-cut sculptures added this city on the list of UNESCO world heritage site.
Pallava dynasty reigned Mahabalipuram from 3rd to 9th century CE from its capital Kanchipuram. But this city was established in 7th century by the Pallava king Narasimhavarman, before that it was only a port used for trade activities with Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia. The depiction of Mahabharat scenes in rocks were witnessed during the reign of Narsimhavarman and rock-cut monuments were built by Rajasimhavarman. Mahabalipuram is the confluence of Shaivism, Shaktism and Vaishnavism. Shore temple, Arjuna’s Penance or Descent of Ganga including 40 other monuments and temples makes it adored antiquity of India.