How to reach: Kesaria is located at a distance of 110 Km from Patna, in the East Champaran district. Closest rail and road head is Muzaffarpur.
3. Lauriya-Nandangarh pillar and stupa, Rampurva (with lion capital) & West Champaran - Champaran was in-route to the birthplace of Lord Buddha and therefore very much liked by emperor Ashoka who had decided to build multiple Stupas and Lats (Pillars). Lauriya Nanadangarh is among the 40 monolithic pillars with the characteristic Mauryan era Polish built in this area of which only one remains standing still shining and looking fresh after thousands of years of ravages of time.
Nearby is a polygonal base shaped Stupa with its missing dome which must have been proportionately tall, and may have been one of the tallest in India. This dates back to the Mauryan/ Shunga/ Kushan era.
Rampurva Bull Capital: Two gigantic Ashokan pillars were unearthed from the region close to the river Harbora, known as Anoma River during Buddha’s time. One of the pillars has the six edicts engraved on it and that part is protected by a concrete canopy. There is a peacock and another bird etching on the pillar. A lion capital that formed the part of one pillar is now preserved at the Museum of Kolkata. The other pillar had the famous Bull Capital which adorns the Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi.
The history of this place goes as the Buddha reached the bank of the Anoma River after leaving his royal palace in Kapilvastu behind; this is the place where he exchanged his royal robes for an ascetic’s garb and chopped off his elegant hair locks. Emperor Ashoka erected pillars to commemorate this important event of the Buddha’s life.
How to reach: Located on the junction where one road is leading to Narkatiyaganj or Ramnagar and the other to Bagaha and Valmikinagar. This Pillar is located on the modern route which is the same as the ancient route to Nepal from Pataliputra (Patna).
Lauriya-Areraj, West Champaran - Lauriya Areraj is located approx 31 km northwest of Motihari is known for a stone column that was erected by Ashoka in 249 BC. The stone pillar towers to a height of 11.5 meters and was carved out of a single piece of polished sandstone. Inscribed on the pillar are six edicts of emperor Ashoka.