Kings and emperor to set an example of their architectural excellence embodied them with fusional carving depicting culture, art and mythological stories of gods and goddesses. Of the thousand stepwells that proliferated throughout India, most were abandoned over the century due to modernization, climatic change and falling water tables. But there is this one Stepwell in India which even today plumes high to renders its heritage and exquisite architecture – CHAND BAORI.
Chand Baori – getting its historical name after the King who built it. Located in the colorful state Jaipur in Rajasthan locates Abhaneri which shelters a wonder that is mostly on the tourist radar. Abhaneri was originally named ‘Abha Nagri’ which means ‘City of Brightness’. Even today when the city has been transformed into ruins, it still attracts hundreds of tourists from across the globe.
Records hail Chand Baori as one of the oldest and largest stepwells in the world. It was built by the King named Chandra of the Nikhumbha dynasty. The time of the stepwell is 8-9th CE making it 1200-1300 years old. Yes, it is older than the Taj Mahal, Khajuraho Temples, and Chola Temples but younger than Ajanta and Ellora Caves.
It’s a 13-storey building which is about 100-feet deep, making it the deepest well in India. The baori has a precise geometrical pattern, hard to find in this age. The three sides of the stepwell measure 19.5 meters giving it a square shape, forms a magical maze and the consequent play of light and shadow on the structure gives it a captivating look. In all, there are 35,000 steps on 13 levels at the step-well and it gets narrow as it goes down.