Chand Baori is one of the oldest step well and most attractive landmarks of Rajasthan. It was built by King Chanda of the Nikumbha Dynasty between 800 and 900 AD in Abhaneri village in Dausa district and was dedicated to Hashat Mata, Goddess of Joy and Happiness upon completion. The village of Abhaneri is believed to have been established by the Gurjar Pratihar King Samrat Mihir Bhoj, who in mythology, is presented as King Raja Chand.
It is 95 km from Jaipur, on the Jaipur-Agra road and is located opposite Harshat MataTemple. It consists of 3,500 narrow steps over 13 stories and extends approx 100 ft into the ground making it one of the deepest and largest step wells in India.
Since Rajasthan is extremely arid, and the design and final structure of Chand Baori was intended to conserve as much water as possible. At the bottom of the well, the air remains 5-6 degrees cooler than at the surface, and Chand Baori was used as a community gathering place for locals during periods of intense heat. One side of the well has a pavilion and resting room for the royals.
This trip was first published on Mathurrdm-journeys.