The first city to encounter is Madaba, "the City of Mosaics".
The city, best known for its spectacular Byzantine and Umayyad mosaics, is home to the famous 6th century mosaic map of Jerusalem and the Holy Land. With two million pieces of colored stone, the map depicts hills and valleys, villages and towns as far as the Nile Delta.
Lost for more than a millennium, the red rose city of Petra, also a new seven wonder of the world was built 2,000 years ago by nomadic Bedouins.
Located approximately three hours south of Amman, this desert city, situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, was an important crossroads among Arabia, Egypt and Syria–Phoenicia. Petra is famous for its magnificent architecture – a half man-made and half carved into the rock city with a highly advanced water conduit system.
Admired then for its refined culture, massive architecture and ingenious complex of dams and water channels, Petra is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site that enchants visitors from all corners of the globe.