Kaziranga National Park is at a distance of 210 kms from Guwahati Airport and is a 4 hours long drive. The sanctuary,which is a World Heritage site is home to two-third of the world's rhinoceros population. Assam's Kaziranga National Park has many stories and mysteries behind the origin of its name.According to a legend,a girl named Ranga from a nearby village and a youth named Kazi,from the Karbi Anglong hills,fell in love. This was unacceptable to their families and villagers and the couple disappeared into the forest, never to be seen again, and the forest was named after them. Kaziranga has a unique environment, it has a vast expanse of tall elephant grass,marshland, and dense tropical forest. Unlike most National Parks in India where Tiger is the star of the forest, here in Kaziranga one -horned Rhino is the star of the National Park. Kaziranga has 1400 wild Buffaloes. One horned-rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger,Asian Elephant,Wild water buffalo and Indian Bison are collectively known as the Big Five of the Kaziranga National Park.
Kaziranga is criss-crossed by four major rivers,including Brahmaputra and the park also has a number of small water-bodies. Every year during annual monsoon a major part of the park gets submerged in water. Floods in Kaziranga are a bane as well as a boon. It regenerates the wetlands and enriches the soil by depositing silt. But the drowning of highlands causes the death toll of animals to increases. But then Nature has its own mysterious ways of working. Despite the annual destructive floods , Kaziranga remains home to the largest population of one-horned rhinos. The park also has the highest density of tigers in India. The national park has four regions : Eastern, Central, Western and Far Western .
Things to do in Kaziranga National Park :
1. Elephant Safari : Elephant safari happens daily from 5.30 to 7.30 in the morning. Best Range for Elephant safari is Bagori Range (Western Range). Animals in the Bagori Range are Rhinos, Bison and Wild Elephants.
2.Jeep Safari : Jeep Safari timings are 7.30 to 10.30 in the morning and 3-5 in the evening. The most beautiful range for Jeep Safari is the Far Western Range or the Burapahar Range. This range is home to maximum number of deers,wild boars and sea-turtles.
3. Bird Sighting : Eastern Range (Agratoli) is the best rang e for Bird Sighting. Agratoli is a Bird's Paradise. Almost 478 species of birds ( both Migratory and resident) have been spotted at the Park.
My trip to Kaziranga was a 2-Night Trip.