A travel guide to the Indonesian Islands

2nd Apr 2014

Kofiau Island

Photo of Kofiau Island by Discover Indonesia


Photo of Fish by Discover Indonesia

Aquatic lifeforms.

Photo of Aquatic lifeforms. by Discover Indonesia

Kapoposang Island

Photo of Kapoposang Island by Discover Indonesia

Kapoposang waters

Photo of Kapoposang waters by Discover Indonesia

Kapoposang Beach

Photo of Kapoposang Beach by Discover Indonesia


Photo of Turtle by Discover Indonesia

A beach in Kofiau Island

Photo of A beach in Kofiau Island by Discover Indonesia

Bird Eye view of Kofiau Island

Photo of Bird Eye view of Kofiau Island by Discover Indonesia

Heaven on earth

Photo of Heaven on earth by Discover Indonesia

Coral lifeforms

Photo of Coral lifeforms by Discover Indonesia

Crystal blue water at Togian Island

Photo of Crystal blue water at Togian Island by Discover Indonesia

Fish in Togian waters

Photo of Fish in Togian waters by Discover Indonesia

Eel in Togian waters

Photo of Eel in Togian waters by Discover Indonesia

Better than aquarium

Photo of Better than aquarium by Discover Indonesia

Thousands of fishes

Photo of Thousands of fishes by Discover Indonesia

Aquatic lifeforms

Photo of Aquatic lifeforms by Discover Indonesia

Labuan Cermin Lake

Photo of Labuan Cermin Lake by Discover Indonesia

Labauan Cermin Lake

Photo of Labauan Cermin Lake by Discover Indonesia

Offbeat way of exploring a country is always charming. Indonesia is a country blessed with natural flora and fauna. What better way than to visit its beaches and lakes to witness the nature's majesty in full grandeur ! 

The Exoticism of Kapoposang

The topography is very supportive for underwater tourism, making Kapoposang Island as one of the best diving places in the province. The facilities available are also quite complete, the government of Pangkep has built bungalows with affordable rates. For professional divers, Kapoposang Island is a paradise under the sea, because it stores plenty of exotic coral reefs. As a mainstay of marine tourism destination in the province of South Sulawesi, the island has the charm and potential charm of underwater scenery.

On the other hand there are also many kinds of corals, both hard corals, soft corals, reef fish and invertebrates in the waters around this island. Every holiday season, the island is visited by domestic and foreign tourists. Kapoposang island is very beautiful and has many privileges as a marine tourism object. And so green for there are many varieties of trees planted everywhere.
Fun activity that can be done on the island Kapoposang include diving, snorkeling, fishing, see the turtle habitat, and watch the sunset and sunrise panorama. There are several points mainstay for divers who want to enjoy the charm of the island underwater diving Kapoposang include Cave Point, Shark Point, and Turtle Point Dive.

Kapoposang has become the magnet of Spermonde region, this island is open to anyone who wants to visit it, they just have to abide by rules not to make any damage on the environment and detrimental to society.


In this island there is a resort that is managed by PT Tirta Tour Makassar. The resort features a restaurant and sports facilities. Tourists can also hire a yacht to deliver them into their favourite dive sites and fishing.There are also some dive resorts homestays run by the local community.Diving facilities are usually set by the dive operators located in the city of Makassar. The main attraction in Kapoposang is the clear water conditions, with good visibility and diving spots in the form of drop off and a lot of fast-flowing areas inhabited by pelagic fishes like tuna, sharks and occasionally marine mammals such as dolphins and passing whales.All dive points are located around the island an it takes only about 50-30 minutes from where you stay.


There are several paths to the Kapoposang, you can go from the Port Paotere and Pier POPSA in Makassar, Kalibone Pier at Maros Regency and Tonasa Pier at District Pangkep.
Using traditional boat takes about 6 hours from Makassar, 7 hours from Maros, and 8 hours of Pangkep. But using a speedboat from POPSA will reduce it to only 3 hours.

Kofiau Island 
Kofiau Island is an island in the Raja Ampat, West Papua, which saves one of sea tribe civilization in Indonesia. Before the 18th century, Kofiau became a colony area of Kingdom Ternate. Local legend called the origin of the word ‘Kofiau’ was from the story of King Jailolo cap(‘kopiah’ in Indonesia) left on this great island. As for the sea tribe that inhabit Kofiau is called Betew. The nomad tribe from Waigeo Island or the northern of Kofiau is only 60 miles away. Since the 19th century, the Betew have inhabited the Kofiau and mingle with the settlers from the island of Biak. And until now, it’s like the sea will never be separated from the lifeblood of Betew. They indeed really inhabit the beach. And take the fishes only to the degree necessary to fulfill their daily needs.

This group of islands are formed from a series of islands of about 32 islands including the Big Island (Sub Bakken) and cluster Rew (Boo Island.) Villages on the islands are located on some northern parts of this group of islands (Kofiau besar), the three major islands which are being used as human habitation is, Deer, Dibalal, and Tolobi. The names of villages / village are adapted to the names of the island, and the side it’s stretching whether it’s from north to east or vice versa.

Togian Islands, Unforgettable Diving

Togian Islands is one of the islands included in the Tojo Unauna district, a fraction of newly formed Poso regency in early 2004. The keywords for this islands are: Diving & Snorkelling.

The number of fish and molluscs, indicating that the condition of coral reefs in Togean is still good, and so it became an attractive options for many tourists from all over the world for diving and snorkeling.Togian Islands have many different types of beautiful coral reefs. CI Indonesia recorded about 262 species of corals classified into 19 families. One is the endemic species, namely Acropora togeanensis. From 91 Acropora species found in Indonesia (which is also the most in the world), 78 of them are in Togian Islands. Generally, the condition of coral reefs in 25 locations in the Islands Togean is 4 percent in Very Good condition (excellent), 16 percent good, 40 percent moderate, 28 percent bad (poor) and 12 percent in very poor condition.

But still, Togian is a paradise for divers. Just look at the famous spots there.

Facts About Togian

Dive spots in Togian is the favorites to shoot wide angle, relatively healthy reefs with an underwater wall of the unfounded and overhangs beneath the cracks and some patches coral filled with orange and purple Anthias fish is a blend of unforgettable underwater scenery. In some places can be found hordes of jack fish and barracuda with a very high concentration.

One of the busy dive spot is a placewhere a bomber aircraft owned by the Dutch, B-24 Liberator sunk. The aircraft is located at a depth of 16-22 meters and can be reached one hour by speed boat from Kadidiri. The plane crashed on May 3, 1945 on the way home from Makassar, South Sulawesi after being attacked by Japanese troops. Kadidiri Island is a small island in the Togian Islands where you can stay, here you will find the true meaning of solitude in the midst of beautiful beaches and clear water. Sunbathing upon the white sand, swimming in shallow crystal clear waters, or just relaxing in front of your bungalow, an unforgettable experience.


On some islands in Togian, there are hotels, guesthouses, cottages and houses provided a number of local and foreign (Italian) entrepreneurs, in order to facilitate the tourists to enjoy a variety of fun activities. Rental rates also varied, ranging from IDR 150,000 (USD 15)to IDR 400,000 per day.One that can be recommended is the Black Marlin Cottage, which is managed by the Ais, a local resident. Black Marlin is located on Kadidiri. It also had a Dive Center with the same name managed by a foreign diving instructor.

Access and Accommodation

From Jakarta to Palu, you can transit in Makassar, South Sulawesi or Balikpapan, East Kalimantan and continue to the Mutiara Airport, Palu. From Jakarta to Makassar or Balikpapan only takes about 2 hours, then to Palu will only take a maximum of 50 minutes. Only then you proceed to Togian via Parigi Moutong, Poso, Ampana up to Wakai.

To reach Togian Islands in the middle of Tomini Bay, there are several entrances, from Palu then headed to Ampana crossing the 350 km road, passing through Poso or from Luwuk (capital of Banggai regency in the eastern province of Central Sulawesi), and Gorontalo using aircraft.

Of these cities,you then board a motor boat crossing towards Wakai (one of the district capitals in Togean Islands which is often used as tourist ‘basecamp’ before heading to diving spots and cottages on small islands). Rent rate is only IDR 23,000 with Tuna Tomini KMP, a ferry owned by the Department of Transportation. Or by using a motor boat yacht with the same rental price.

Sea trip mileage is between 1.5 to 4 hours, depending on your carrier type.

For local tourists, it’s quite cheap. You can use minibus from Palu to Togean with a rate of IDR 40,000. With car travel for IDR 100,000 for 7-8 hours until you reach Ampana, via Parigi Moutong and Poso. From Ampana by motor boat for 4 hours to Wakai with a rate of IDR 30,000 – 40,000. And finally, from Wakai for only 15 minutes – 30 minutes to Kadidiri, Togian, by speed boat. In the Black Marlin Cottage, Kadidiri, Togian, rate for 1 night for standard room is IDR 120,000. Deluxe is IDR 150,000, including 3 meals a day.

Labuan Cermin Lake
Have you ever heard of a lake which has dual taste of water and as clear as glass? Pay a visit to Labuan Cermin Lake in East Kalimantan, Indonesia.Labuan Cermin is located at Labuan Village, Biduk-biduk, East Kalimantan, which can be reached for about 6-7 hours by land from the capital of Berau, Tanjung Redeb. There are several ways to reach Berau, generally the tourists who come to Berau first visit the underwater heaven of Derawan Islands.

The water taste just like regular fresh water on the surface, but if you dive deep enough you will get the subtle taste of sea salt. It is, actually sea water. It happens because there is a hole that connects the lake and the ocean The distance between the fresh water and the sea water is usually only two meters away. You’ll only to dive for a couple seconds to see the marine biota and when you back to surface you can switch to freshwater biota. 

You can also enjoy the white water. The color is strongly suspected as plankton and small crustacea trapped between freshwater and saltwater. The poor crustacea and plankton then die and the carcasses of the unfortunate little creatures rot and give the impression of a white color.

The trees can be seen in every corner of Labuan Cermin Lake because the small lake is surrounded by jungle. Cermin means mirror in Indonesia and that’s where the lake got its name, the water is just as clear as glass.

Kapoposang Island is a quite famous maritime tourism object. Besides enjoying the natural beauty, visitors can also dive, snorkel, and fishing. The fishing location around the island is one of the best in Indonesia. Kapoposang Island is one of hundreds of small islands in the ranks spermonde of Makassar Strait. The island is located in Pangkep District, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The distance from Makassar City is about 68 kilometers (42 miles). The aquatic park of Kapoposang Islands consists of three inhabited islands namely Kapoposang, Papandangan, and the Gondong Bali. It also has three uninhabited small islands with white sandy beaches namely Suranti, Pamanggangang, and Tambakhulu.
Photo of Kapoposan Bali, South Sulawesi, Indonesia by Discover Indonesia
Kofiau Besar and the other islands other woods used as the local’s livelihood, for example: for gardening, farming, hunting etc. In goverment’s organizational structure these islands have become a District sync with the District of Raja Ampat, and Kofiau Islands became a district of its own.On Kofiau tourists can perform a variety of activities ranging from swimming, sunbathing, snorkeling, diving to underwater photography. But he tourists are always suggested not to ruin the beauty of coral reefs on the island Kofiau this, because many coral reefs are already damaged by illegal fishing using chemicals.Since Kofiau island is a part of Raja Ampat Islands, it has already two international institutions concerned about the preservation of natural resources named CI (Conservation International) and TNC (The Nature Conservancy). To reach Kofiau island tourists can travel by plane Sorong from their respective home, continued from Sorong to Kofiau using 2 choices of transportation: a tour with pinisi boat or using a boat from Papua Diving resort.No need to worry about the facilities and accommodation, the island has sufficient if not complete facilities and all. It has lodging, dining and other supporting facilities to make you always feel comfortable while visiting Kofiau.
Photo of Kofiau, West Papua, Indonesia by Discover Indonesia
Togian itself has been declared as a National Park based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry No. SK.418/Menhut-II/2004 dated October 19, 2004. It has an area of approximately 362,605 acres. That includes 10,659 acres of protected forests for Mangrove conservation.A survey by Conservation International Indonesia (CII) in 2001 found 262 species of coral reefs in this region, 596 species of fish, and 555 species of molluscs and other rare species such as green turtle (Chelonia mygas), giant clam (Tridacna gigas), trochus (Trochus niloticus), dugong-dugong, hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbriocata), and pilot whales. There are two types that are considered endemic, namely Paracheilinus togeanensis and Ecsenius. They can only be found in Togian.
Photo of Togean island, Togean, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia by Discover Indonesia
Labuan Cermin is located at Labuan Village, Biduk-biduk, East Kalimantan, which can be reached for about 6-7 hours by land from the capital of Berau, Tanjung Redeb. There are several ways to reach Berau, generally the tourists who come to Berau first visit the underwater heaven of Derawan Islands.
Photo of Labuan Malaysia by Discover Indonesia
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Kaki Besar hangs out in Sumatra, these days? Jahore?
Mon 05 01 17, 15:31 · Reply · Report