Apart from the raised levels of groundwater pumping, poor planning has played a vital role in the present condition of Jakarta. The population boom in the low lying areas resulted in increased exploitation of groundwater. In 2010, the population around the endangered coastal regions was estimated of around 47.2 million people.
The global climatic changes have further hit this place hard and significantly.
The current search and endeavours have short listed the following places for the possible new capital: Palangkaraya in Central Kalimantan, Bukit Soeharto in East Kalimantan, and Bukit Nyuling located in Central Kalimantan. The favourite choice as of now remains Palangkaraya. It was also chosen by President Sukarno as the probable new capital at the time and was constructed in the late 1950s for this reason.
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